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Teaching Topics Map
Teaching topics in public policy and management from illustrative MPP/MPA courses, organized by subject

This page organizes teaching topics under public policy and management subjects in four domains. Each topic page will (when completed) contain a description of the topic and further links to concepts used in the topic and to the relevant reference collections in References Map. Topics that do not yet have pages are indicated with an asterisk (*). 

Analysis and Skills

 Policy and Management Analysis

  Applying an Implementation Lens
  Balanced Scorecard as a Strategy for Performance Improvement
  Building Coalitions
  Bureaucratic Politics, Organizational Design and Decision-Making
  The Concept of Strategy
  The Crisis of “Governability” (1970s) and its Effects
  Developing Networks for Improvement
  Experience with New Public Management across Jurisdictions
  Financing and Fundraising in the Third Sector
  Governing with a Minority
  Implementation and Policy
  Implementation and Risk
  Implementation and the Budget Process
  Implementation and the Poltical Context
  Implementation Environment
  Implementing Through Markets
  Implementing through Networks
  Improving Organizational Performance through Competition
  Learning as a Performance Strategy
  Leveraging Diversity
  Managing a Global Team
  Managing By Influence or Authority?
  Managing Conflict
  Managing Government: The Shift To Public Governance
  Managing in a Central Agency: Revitalizing Organizations Under Stress
  Managing in Business Associations
  Managing Operational Organizations
  Managing Partnerships: Multi-Party Arrangements
  Managing Risk: The “New” Way Forward in Managing?
  Managing with Clients: Challenges of Managing Relations
  Mission and Strategy
  Modernization of Public Sector Organizations
  Negotiation Analysis
  Network Assessment and Analysis
  Operations and Marketing Strategy
  Organizational Alignment
  Organizational Culture
  Organizing for Collaboration and Partnership
  Organizing for Performance
  Overview of Recent Trends in Public Administration
  Performance, Public Management and Administrative Reforms
  Performance Information as a Management and Transformation Tool
  Policy Design
  Post-election Transitions
  The Practice of Effective Coaching
  Public-Private Partnerships
  The Role of the Board and Strategic Governance in Third Sector Organizations
  Setting Strategy and Goals
  Strategy Development - Bridge between Policy and Delivery
  Working in Teams

 Economic Analysis

  Assymetric Information: Lemons and Signaling*
  Budget Lines*
  Consumer Theory
  Incentive Effects of Welfare Policy and the Design of Transfer Systems
  Income and Substitution Effects*
  Indifference Curves*
  Intertemporal Choice*
  Law of Demand*
  Market Equilibrium*
  Market Failure and Optimal Intervention
  Oligopoly and Cournot Model*
  Price Discrimination and Regulation*
  Price Supports and Production Quotas*
  Pollution Control*
  Production Theory*
  Public Goods and Commons Problems*
  Supply and Demand*
  Taxes and Lump Sum Transfers*
  The Keynesian Response and the Welfare State
  Theory of the Firm
  Vouchers vs Subsidies*

 Quantitative Methods

  Bayes' Rule*
  Chi-Square Test*
  Continuous Distributions*
  Descriptive Statistics*
  Discrete Distributions*
  Multivariate Analysis*
  Paired Data*
  Probability Concepts*
  Randomized Trials*
  Simple Regression
  Statistical Inference for a Single Mean*
  Statistical Inference for a Single Proportion*
  Statistical Inference for Two Means*
  Statistical Inference for Two Proportions*
  Survey Design*

 Analytic Methods

  Agency Theory*
  Application of SPNE to Bargaining*
  Cheap Talk*
  Collective Action and Collective Inaction Games*
  Cost-Benefit Analysis
  Cost Effectiveness*
  Criteria for Decision Making
  Decision Analysis*
  Decision-making under Uncertainty*
  Equilibrium Selection*
  Foundations of Game Theory*
  Generating Alternatives*
  Games with Incomplete Information*
  Game Theory and Strategic Interaction
  Impact of Bias on Decision-Making
  Key Concepts and Practices of Policy Analysis
  Leadership and Decision
  Making Tradeoffs*
  Mixed Strategies*
  Moral Hazard and Adverse Selection*
  Multiple Nash Equilibria*
  Nash Equilibrium*
  Political Analysis*
  Policy Instruments and Tools
  Political Stakeholder Analysis*
  Prisoners' Dilemma and its Applications*
  Pure Strategy*
  Race, Gender and Other Group Identities Impact on Decision-making
  Repeated Games*
  Risk vs. Performance
  Sensitivity Analysis*
  Sequential Move Games*
  Signaling Games*
  Strategic Alignment*
  Strategy and Voting*
  The Bardach Policy Analysis Frameworks*
  Time Preferences*
  Use of Evidence*


  Challenges for Executives in Modern Organizations
  Charismatic Leadership
  Cognitive Biases
  Choosing Your Management and Operating Style
  Crisis Leadership
  Delivering on Political Priorities
  Governing With a Minority and Planning for Post-Election Transitions
  Leadership in Public and Private Organizations
  Managing a Global Team
  Managing By Influence or Authority?
  Managing Conflict
  Managing in a Central Agency: Revitalizing Organizations Under Stress
  Managing in Business Associations
  Managing Operational Organizations
  Managing with Clients: Challenges of Managing Relations
  Mission and Strategy
  Negotiation Analysis
  Network Assessment and Analysis
  The Practice of Effective Coaching
  Transactional and Transformational Leadership
  Working in Teams


  Assessing and Communicating Effectiveness in Third Sector Governance and Management
  Ceremonial Speaking: Toasts, Tributes and Eulogies*
  Communication, Media and the Practice of Government
  Communications: Getting the Message Out
  Connecting with your Audience*
  Communicating through Arts and Culture*
  Communicating through the Media*
  Crisis Communication: Public Leadership in Difficult Times*
  Dealing with the Media*
  Elements of Rhetoric: Logos, Ethos, Pathos*
  Empathy: Your Personal Credibility and Trustworthiness*
  Expressing Identity: Acknowledging the Color of Your Lens*
  Facing a Skeptical or Hostile Audience*
  Five Secrets of Powerful Communicators*
  Framing the Argument: Debates and Dialogues*
  Generating Emotional Impact: Storytelling*
  Keeping It Real: Identity, Integrity, Inspiration*
  Mastery Over Memorization*
  Metaphors, Messaging, and Mobilization*
  Op-Ed Writing and Publishing
  Rhetoric, Persuasion and Public Deliberation*
  Speaking On the Spot: What to Say—and How to Say It*
  Thinking on your Feet: Handling Questions and Answers*
  Vision and Values: Brevity, Levity, Clarity, Charity*

 Professional Practice

Institutions and Context

 Democratic Institutions and Policy Process

  Actors, Interests, and Institutions
  Administration and Governance
  Administrative Law and Constitutional Checks on the Executive
  All-Powerful Leaders?: The Concentration of Power in Modern Executives
  Bureaucracy and the Formulation of Public Policy
  Cabinet Government: The Prime Minister, Ministers and the Bureaucracy
  Conceptual and Theoretical Foundations of Third Sector Governance and Management
  Canadian Intergovernmental Structures and Operating Processes
  Courts, Judicial Review, Rights and Democracy
  Defining Policy Problems and Policy Making Under Pressure
  Efficiency, Effectiveness, and Instrument Choice
  Emergence of the Nation State
  Executive Authority, Cabinet and Leadership
  Executive-Legislative Relations
  Game Theory and Rational Institutionalism
  Ideas and Policy Frames
  Institutional Architecture: Federalism
  Institutional Designs and Paths
  Machinery of Government
  Managing Government: The New Public Management
  Media, Framing and Agenda Setting
  New Public Management in Canada
  Parliamentary, Presidential and Decentralized Unitary Systems
  Political and Administrative Responsibilities
  Public Institutions, Organizing Principles and Democratic Control
  Representation and Responsiveness
  Policy Analysis and Contemporary Governance
  Probing the Accuracy of Rational Decision Making Models: Alternative Accounts
  Public Services in the Age of Restraint - new public service delivery models and the quest to do better with less
  Representation, Accountability and Policy
  The Architecture of the Canadian State
  The Bureaucracy and Bureaucratic Behaviour
  The Changing Role of the State
  The Democratic Deficit: Ethics, Responsiveness and Performance
  Theories of Human Motivation and Decision Making: Rational Choice
  Weber: Rationalization and Bureaucracy
  Who are the Players in the Policy Process?
  Westminster Parliamentary System

 Socioeconomic and Political Context

  Classical Political Economy, the Enlightenment and Feminist Responses
  Changing Families
  Gender, Globalization and Care Work
  The Immigrant Society
  Marx and the Development of Capitalism
  Polanyi and Hayek
  Rise of Neo-liberalism, and Contemporary Challenges

 Ethics and Accountability

  Compromise and Disagreement
  Implementation and Accountability
  Lying, Deception, Privacy and Transparency
  Managing Leaders: Ethics in Governing
  Means and Ends: The Problem of Dirty Hands
  Responsibility and Accountability
  Markets and Regulation
  Liberty and Its Limits: Speech and Harm
  Distributive Justice
  Ethics and Morality
  Trust, Accountability and Legitimacy

 Intergovernmental and Global Context

  Approaches to National Strategy: Asia
  Approaches to National Strategy: Canada
  Approaches to National Strategy: European Union
  Approaches to National Strategy: Former Soviet Space
  Approaches to National Strategy: Middle East and Africa
  Approaches to National Strategy: United States
  Federal-Provincial Fiscal Relations
  Federal-Provincial-Municipal Relations
  National Interests
  Political-Bureaucratic Dynamics in National Strategy
  Strategy as a State Concern
  Strategy in Federal, Unitary and Hybrid States
  The Global Context

Management Functions

 Public Financial Management

  Financial Statements
  Fiscal Rules
  Revenue Agency Reforms and Independent Foundations
  Strategies of Fiscal Adjustment
  The Budget, Financial Management and the Politics of Deficits

 Evaluation and Performance Measurement

  A Few Priority Measures—Plus More (Behn's Report, November 2007)
  “Compared with What?” (Behn's Report, September 2008)
  Danger of Using Too Few Measures (Behn's Report, October 2007)
  Dashboards as Data Dumps (Behn's Report, July 2008)
  Data Collection Strategies
  Evaluation Purposes, Types and Questions
  Evaluation Uses
  Framing the Theories of Evaluation
  How Do We Evaluate Policy?
  Measure Outputs (Behn's Report, June 2004)
  Measurement is Rarely Enough (Behn's Report, May 2008)
  Multiple Performance Measures (Behn's Report, August 2004)
  No Perfect Performance Measure (Behn's Report, February 2009)
  Performance Management
  Performance Measurement
  Performance Targets (Behn's Report, September 2003)
  Obsessed with "Best Practice" (Behn's Report, July 2006)
  Only a Very Few Priority Measures (Behn's Report, September 2007)
  Perennial and Emerging Issues in Evaluation
  Resistance to Measurement (Behn's Report, November 2005
  Stretch Targets (Behn's Report, December 2011)
  The Magical Performance System (Behn's Report, January 2005)
  The Performance-Target Ethic (Behn's Report, November 2008)
  There is Never a Single Cause (Behn's Report, May 2013)
  Why Measure Performance? (Behn's Report, July 2004)

 Human Resource Management

  Decision-Making on Employee Sanctions
  Evaluating Talent
  HR, Merit and the Relative Independence of the Public Service
  Managing People: Performance, Recruitment, Renewal
  Recruitment and Performance Management
  The Management of Public Sector Organizations

 Information and Technology Management

  Intellectual Property

 Program and Service Delivery

  Citizen-driven Approaches to Public Service Delivery
  Joined-up Internal Services

 Regulatory Policy and Management

  Allocating Resources to Risks
  Compliance Costs
  Demonstrating Results and Recognizing Limits
  From a Balanced Approach to an Integrated Approach
  Managing Compliance and Enforcement
  Practical Approaches to Harm Reduction
  Regulation and Risk Management
  Scope of Economic and Social Regulation

 Nonprofit Management and Advocacy

Policy Sectors

 Macroeconomic Policy

  Central Bank Reform
  Financial System
  Growth and Productivity in the Long Run
  Keynesian Response and the Welfare State
  Macroeconomic Indicators
  Monetary and Fiscal Policy and Aggregate Demand
  Money Growth and Inflation in the Long Run
  Open Economy - Basic Concepts
  Reading Macroeconomic Forecasts
  Short-Run Business Cycle
  Third Sector Governance and Management: Policy, Taxation and Regulatory Frameworks

 International Development

  Aid and Development
  Community Based Development, Individual Empowerment and the Problem of Scale
  Democracy, Accountability and Human Rights

 Social Policy and Welfare


  Challenges to Medicare
  Demand for Health Care Services in Canada
  Health Policy and Canadian Federalism
  Health System Financing
  Managing Supply in the Canadian Healthcare System
  The Basic Parameters of the Canadian Health System


  The History of Higher Education: Public Policy and the Division of Responsibilities
  The Public Interest and the Private Interest in Higher Education
  Selectivity, Sorting, and Inequality in Higher Education
  Tuition, Accessibility and Financial Assistance: Architecture and Purpose
  Helping All Students Succeed in Higher Education
  The Structure of Higher Education as Public Policy
  Higher Education’s Impact on Economic Development: Human Capital, Innovation and Research
  Higher Education’s Impact on Social Development: Social Capital and Disparities in Income and Opportunity
  Cost Control and Compensation in Higher Education
  Assessment and Accountability in Higher Education: Quality Measurement, Quality Improvement and Quality Assurance
  Governments and University Governance: Academic Freedom and the Public Interest
  Technology and the Changing Policy Environment for Higher Education

 Employment, Labour and Immigration

 Cities, Urban and Regional Development

 Environment and Sustainability

 Agriculture and Resources

 Science, Technology and Innovation

 Industry, Trade and Investment

 Energy, Transport and Infrastructure

 Defence, Security and Foreign Relations

 Policing and Justice Administration

 Arts and Culture

 Financial Sector and Pensions

 Other Policy Sectors

Important Notices
© University of Toronto 2008
School of Public Policy and Governance