Global Peace Index
Summary: The Global Peace Index (GPI) is a measure of national peacefulness.
Main Points: The GPI measures the state of peace in 162 countries. The index uses qualitative and quantitative data to gauge internal and external levels of peace. The GPI Report provides an analysis of the data, identifying trends in peace over time, as well as the key drivers of peace and an economic calculation of the impact of violence to the global economy.
The GPI defines peace as: “the absence of violence and the absence of the fear of violence”, which is commonly understood as negative peace. The GPI report now includes a Positive Peace Index, which measures the strength of the attitudes, structures and institutions that move a society away from violence and towards pace.
The GPI is a composite index, comprised of 22 qualitative and quantitative indicators. The indicators were selected by an international expert panel and are reviewed annually. GPI indicators can be classified under three broad themes: ongoing domestic and international conflict, societal safety and security and militarisation.
Ongoing Domestic and International Conflict
· Number of external and internal conflicts fought
· Number of deaths from organised conflict (external)
· Number of deaths from organised conflict (internal)
· Level of organised conflict
· Relations with neighbouring countries
· Societal Safety and Security
· Level of perceived criminality in society
· Number of refugees and displaced people as a percentage of the total population
· Political instability
· Political Terror Scale
· Terrorist activity
· Number of homicides per 100,000 people
· Level of violent crime
· Likelihood of violent demonstrations
· Number of jailed population per 100,000 people
· Number of internal security officers and police per 100,000 people
· Military expenditure as a percentage of GDP
· Number of armed-service personnel per 100,000 people
· Volume of transfers of major conventional weapons as recipients (import) per 100,000 people
· Volume of transfers of major conventional weapons as supplier (export) per 100,000 people
· Financial contribution to UN peacekeeping missions
· Nuclear and heavy weapons capability
· Ease of access to small arms and light weapons
· For a full description of each indicator source and scoring methodology, refer to the Global Peace Index 2013 Report
Access to database: http://www.visionofhumanity.org/#/page/about-gpi
Source: About the Global Peace Index, Vision of Humanity, 2013
Page Created By: Madina Junussova. The content presented on this page is drawn directly from the source(s) cited above, and consists of direct quotations or close paraphrases. This material does not necessarily reflect the official view of the publishing organization.