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Countries at the Crossroads

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Countries at the Crossroads

Summary: The Countries at the Crossroads report is an annual analysis of government performance in 70 strategically important countries worldwide that are at a critical crossroads in determining their political future.

Main Points: The Countries at the Crossroads provides the in-depth comparative assessments and quantitative ratings – examining government accountability, civil liberties, rule of law, and anticorruption and transparency efforts – are intended to help international policymakers identify areas of progress, as well as to highlight areas of concern that could be addressed in diplomatic efforts and reform assistance.

The Crossroads project has generated far-reaching interest since its inception in 2004. Increased attention to the relationship between competent governance and respect for civil and political rights means that scholars and policymakers require sophisticated tools to help place the performance of various governments in perspective. Crossroads helps ground this analysis by providing indispensable quantitative assessment that allows for comparison over time, as well as detailed narrative reports that provide real-world context.

A new edition of Crossroads is published each year, with half the set of countries analyzed in odd years and the other half in even years. Crossroads reports are written and evaluated by some of the most prominent independent experts available for each country.

Countries at the Crossroads 2012 Main Components:

Accountability and Public Voice

1.a. Free and fair electoral laws and elections: (i) Electoral Framework; (ii) Electoral Conduct; (iii) Campaigning; (v) Campaign Finance                

1.b. Effective and accountable government: (i) Checks and Balances; (ii) Freedom from Domination (iii) Civil Service

1.c. Civic engagement and civic monitoring: (i) Civic Group/NGO Engagement and Influence; (ii) Legal Environment for Civic Groups/NGOs; (iii) Donors and Funders

1.d. Media independence and freedom of expression: (i) Media Environment; (ii) Libel and Legal Harassment; (iii) Intimidation and Attacks (iv) Censorship; (v) Internet; (vi) State Funding; (vii) Other State Influence

Civil Liberties

2.a. Protection from state terror, unjustified imprisonment, and torture: (i) Protection from Physical Abuse; (ii) Prison Conditions; (iii) Attacks on Activists; (iv) Arbitrary Arrest; (v) Detention without Trial; (vi) Crime and Terrorism; (vii) Human Trafficking; (viii) Redress:

2.b. Gender equity: (i) Recognition of Gender Equity; (ii) Amelioration of Gender-Based Societal Discrimination; (iii) Gender Discrimination in Employment

2.c. Rights of ethnic, religious, and other distinct groups: (i) Recognition of Minority Rights; (ii) Amelioration of Societal Discrimination; (iii) Discrimination in Employment; (iv) Discrimination against Disabled People

2.d. Freedom of conscience and belief (i) General Freedom of Religion; (ii) State Involvement in Religious Faiths; (iii) State Restrictions on Religious Practice

2.e. Freedom of association and assembly: (i) General Freedom of Association/Assembly; (ii) Trade Unions; (iii) Rights of Associations to Organize; (iv) Demonstrations and Public Protests:

Rule of Law

3.a. Independent judiciary: (i) General Judicial Independence:  (ii) Protection from Interference; (iii) Compliance; (iv) Appointments and Dismissals; (v) Training

3.b. Primacy of rule of law in civil and criminal matters: (i) Presumption of Innocence; (ii) Due Process; (iii) Access to Counsel; (iv) Prosecutorial Independence; (v) Prosecution of Public Officials

3.c. Accountability of security forces and military to civilian authorities: (i) Democratic Civilian Control over Security Forces; (ii) Interference in Political Process; (iii) Involvement in and Accountability for Corruption

Anticorruption and Transparency

4.a. Environment to protect against corruption: (i) Bureaucratic Regulations/Red Tape; (ii) State Activity in Economy; (iii) Revenue Collection:  (iv) Separation of Public and Private Interests:  (v) Financial Disclosure

4.b. Anticorruption Framework and Enforcement: (i) Anticorruption Framework and Processes; (ii) Anticorruption Bodies; (iii) Prosecution:

4.c. Citizen Protections against Corruption: (i) Media Coverage; (ii) Whistleblower Protection; (iii) Redress for Victims; (iv) Corruption in Education

4.d. Governmental transparency: (i) General Transparency; (ii) Legal Right to Information; (iii) Budget-making Process; (iv) Expenditure Accounting; (v) Government Procurement; (vi) Distribution of Foreign Assistance

Access to database: http://www.freedomhouse.org/report-types/countries-crossroads

Source: Countries at the Crossroads 2012 Methodology Questions

Page Created By:  Madina Junussova. The content presented on this page is drawn directly from the source(s) cited above, and consists of direct quotations or close paraphrases. This material does not necessarily reflect the official view of the publishing organization.


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