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NYU Wagner MPA with Int Spec'n
Rutgers (Bloustein)


MPP and MPA Programs

Harvard University (John F. Kennedy School of Government, HKS) - MPP, MPA

Program Comparison Highlights

Institutional Structure: Harvard's MPP and MPA are delivered through the John F. Kennedy School of Government (HKS), one of 15 schools within Harvard University, each with the power to hire and promote faculty. The HKS offers Master's degrees in: Public Policy (MPP); Public Administration (MPA); Public Administration in International Development (MPA/ID); in Public Administration (Mid-Career, MPA); and four doctoral degrees. With 473 faculty and staff (see HKS Facts at, accessed 23 February 2015) the HKS is among the very largest institutions in the world devoted to public policy and management.

Curriculum Design: With an 18-course degree, the Harvard MPP has one of the higher course requirements among the MPP/MPA programs. Our PEACO calculations below suggest that typical students take about 64% of their course work in policy-oriented subjects and 36% in management-oriented subjects. Typical students take about 28% of their course work in subjects with high math-economics content. This places the Harvard MPP in the "high course requirement, policy-oriented, higher math-economics content" curricular type, along with such programs as the Berkeley MPP and the Chicago MPP (see MPP/MPA Curricular Types). Among peers in its curricular type, the Harvard MPP has as a very high number of courses and a high proportion of courses taught within the school. The competency gap analysis below suggests that a Harvard MPP student taking the required courses and a random selection of listed electives would, on average, graduate with approximately 17 course-weeks of shortfall in the core-competency subject matter identified in MPP/MPA Core Competencies, including shortfalls of 5 course-weeks in Evaluation and Performance Measurement, and shortfalls of 2 or 3 course-weeks in each of Public Financial Management, Human Resource Management, Information and Technology Management, Macroeconomic Policy, and Environment and Sustainability.

For the Harvard MPA our PEACO calculations below suggest that typical students take about 61% of their course work in policy-oriented subjects and 39% in management-oriented subjects. Typical students take about 14% of their course work in subjects with high math-economics content. This places the Harvard MPA in the "high course requirement, policy-oriented, lower math-economics content" curricular type, along with such programs as the Duke MPP and the Carnegie MSMPP (see MPP/MPA Curricular Types). Among peers in its curricular type, the Harvard MPA has as a very high number of courses and a high proportion of courses taught within the school. The competency gap analysis below suggests that a Harvard MPA student taking the required courses and a random selection of listed electives would, on average, graduate with approximately 18 course-weeks of shortfall in the core-competency subject matter identified in MPP/MPA Core Competencies, including shortfalls of 5 course-weeks in Evaluation and Performance Measurement, and shortfalls of 2 or 3 course-weeks in each of Ethics and Accountability, Public Financial Management, Human Resource Management, and Macroeconomic Policy.

Professional Program Features: The Harvard MPP makes extensive use of current and former practitioners in its teaching. Its courses make substantial use of case studies. There are extensive professional development modules, career counselling services and co-curricular activities with a professional focus. There is a vast array of resources on the site of the Office of Career Advancement (at The HKS has 15 research centres, described at

Program Summary


University: Harvard University

Location: Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA

Degree: Master in Public Policy (MPP) and Master in Public Administration (MPA)

Degrees Awarded per Year: approximately 250 MPP and 90 MPA (see HKS Facts at, stating that there are 222 First Year and 265 Second Year MPP students and 72 First Year and 95 Second Year MPA students; accessed 23 February 2015).

Academic Unit within University: The Harvard Kennedy School is a faculty within the university. Most course instructors hold appointments within the HKS faculty.

Posted Tuition: $49,732 tuition and fees per year for MPP, MPA2 and MPA/ID programs for domestic students for academic year 2015-16 (at, accessed 17 May 2015).

Concentration/Curriculum Overview

The Master in Public Policy (MPP) program core requirements are built upon strong foundations in three methodological areas: analysis, management, and leadership. Classes at the Harvard Kennedy School are taught by the case method, the more traditional lecture format, or a mixture of both. Students work together in small groups on projects and are aided by course assistants, teaching fellows, and faculty members in a collaborative and non-competitive working environment.

The two-year Master in Public Administration (MPA2) is a flexible program designed to enhance the knowledge and skills of established professionals and dual-degree students seeking further leadership responsibilities in the public, nonprofit, and private sectors. Students admitted to the MPA are invited, in consultation with advisors and mentors, to design an individual 16-course plan of study, constrained only by the requirement to take two electives chosen from one of the Policy Areas of Concentration and one credit from each of the following three areas: Economics & Quantitative Analysis, Management & Leadership, and Political Thought & Institutions. The academic prerequisite is a bachelor's degree and substantial graduate-level coursework similar to required core MPP courses or a relevant master's degree.

MPP Degree Requirements

Summary: The MPP program requires two years (four semesters) of full-time study in residence at Harvard Kennedy School (HKS). MPP candidates complete 18 units of academic credit, 7.5 of which are required core courses (see below). Students are further required to choose a Policy Area of Concentration (PAC)/Concentration.  In order to satisfy the requirements of their PAC/Concentration, students must take an additional 3-7 credits.  First-year required courses develop the following core skills to prepare students for public service: economics, quantitative analysis, politics and advocacy, financial management, strategic management, ethics and leadership. The required courses for the first year are:

API-101: Markets and Market Failure (1 credit)
API-102: Economic Analysis of Public Policy (1 credit)
API-201: Quantitative Analysis and Empirical Methods (1 credit)
API-202: Empirical Methods II (1 credit)
API-500: Spring Exercise (0.5 credit)
DPI-101: Mobilizing for Political Action - American Politics & Comparative Politics (1 credit)
DPI-201: The Responsibilities of Public Action (1 credit)
MLD-101: The Strategic Management of Public Organizations (1 credit)

Required courses for the second year are Policy Analysis Exercise and year long seminar (1 credit) and Policy Area of Concentration electives (at least two).

Duration: 2 years (four terms of full-time study).

Academic Prerequisite: Bachelor's degree. Some knowledge of college-level economics, statistics, and calculus is preferred. Work experience is not required, but at least 2-3 years full-time professional experience preferred.

Number of One-Semester-Equivalent Courses Required for Completion: 18

Number of Required Courses: 7.5  Note 1: This does not include the two or more required courses associated with the Policy Area of Concentration.

Number of Electives Typically Taken (difference between above two entries): 10.5

Number of Electives Offered within Program: Approximately 215.  

Comprehensive Examination: No

Thesis Required: No

Internship Required: No

International Study Required: No.

Co-curricular Activities Supportive to Degree

Professional Development and Career Support: Yes. The Office of Career Advancement (accessed 10 December 2013) offers an array of services.

Student-run Journal: Yes. The HKS website ( lists10 student-run journals and publications:

Applied Projects: Yes, the Spring Exercise in the first year and the Policy Analysis Exercise in the second year (see

Pro Bono Consulting: Yes, HKS Services (see, accessed 23 February 2015)  

Courses Offered: The full list of 2014-2015 HKS courses is found at: (accessed 21 February 2015). This list as it appeared on 14 September 2013 has been saved as a pdf document on the Atlas at: In the Course Map below, required courses are indicated by (R). Courses profiled in the Atlas are marked with an asterisk (*). For these courses, the links in the Course Map point to the profiles on the Atlas. For the remaining courses, the links point to the descriptions on the HKS course listing site.

Course Outlines and Syllabi Online: The HKS provides detailed course syllabi for most of its courses on  

Instructional Distribution (PEACO Profile): The table below indicates the distribution of instruction offered, based on the course assignments to subjects in the Course Map below, weighted by estimated enrolment determined by the PEACO Algorithm.






Curricular Type Parameters

Number of Courses Required for Graduation



Math-Economics Subjects (EA, QM, Macro, Fin Markets)



Policy-Oriented Subjects



Management-Oriented Subjects



Enrolment-Adjusted Course Distribution

Analysis and Skill Subjects



  - Policy and Management Analysis



  - Economic Analysis




  - Quantitative  and Analytic Methods



  - Leadership and Communication Skills



Institutions and Context Subjects



  - Democratic Institutions and Policy Process



  - Ethics, Rights and Accountability



  - Socioeconomic, Political, and Global Contexts



Management Function Subjects



  - Public Financial Management



  - Evaluation and Performance Measurement



  - Other Management Functions



Policy Sector Subjects



  - Macroeconomic Policy



  - International Development



  - Health



  - Other Policy Sectors






Core Competency Gap Analysis (in Course-Weeks)

Course-Weeks in Core Subjects taken by Typical Student



Surplus or Shortfall Relative to Core Competency Requirement

  - Policy and Management Analysis (CCR = 18 course-weeks)



  - Economic Analysis (CCR = 12)



  - Quantitative  and Analytic Methods (CCR = 12)



  - Analytic Methods (CCR = 6)



  - Leadership Skills (CCR = 9)



  - Communication Skills (CCR = 3 courses)



  - Democratic Institutions and Policy Process (CCR = 18)



  - Ethics, Rights and Accountability (CCR = 6 courses)



  - Socioeconomic and Political Context (CCR = 6)



  - Global Context (CCR = 3)



  - Public Financial Management (CCR = 6)



  - Evaluation and Performance Measurement (CCR = 6)



  - Human Resource Management (CCR = 3)



  - Information and Technology Management (CCR = 3)



  - Macroeconomic Policy (CCR = 6)



  - Environment and Sustainability (CCR = 3)



Subject-Matter Shortfall for Typical Student (Sum of Shortfalls)



Additional Parameters

Total Courses Listed



Courses Designated as Required (inc. Specialization Reqs)



Archetypal Public Affairs Subjects (P&MA, EA, QM, DI&PP)



Archetypal International Affairs Subjects (I&GC, ID, DS&FR)



Source: At and related sites (accessed 23 February 2015).

Page Created By: Ian Clark on 15 September 2013 and last updated on 11 March 2015. Updating and editing may consist of substantive and/or formatting changes. Unless otherwise noted, however, information regarding a program's structure, curricular offerings and PEACO score is based on the program as it was on the date of page creation. The content presented on this page, except for the assignments of courses to Atlas subjects, the Instructional Distribution analysis, and the Commentary is drawn directly from the source(s) cited above, and consists of direct quotations or close paraphrases.


HKS Courses Profiled in the Atlas (Illustrative Courses):


Harvard Kennedy School Course Map
 C o u r s e s  O f f e r e d,  l i s t e d  b y  P u b l i c  P o l i c y  a n d  M a n a g e m e n t  S u b j e c t

Analysis and Skills

 Policy and Management Analysis

  BGP-300: Inside Government - Making Public Policy
  DPI-562: Public Problems - Advice, Strategy and Analysis
  MLD-101: Management, Leadership, and Decision Making (R)
  MLD-102: Getting Things Done - Management in a Development Context (x 2)
  MLD-110: Strategic Management for Public Purposes
  MLD-326: Decision Making and Leadership in the Public Sector
  MLD-381: The Management of Crises Response
  MLD-602: Performance Leadership - Producing Results in Public and Nonprofit Agencies
  MLD-617M: Effective Implementation - Learning from Effective Implementers (0.5)
  MLD-801: Strategic Management of Nonprofit and Nongovernmental Organizations
  MLD-830: Entrepreneurship and Innovation in the Private and Social Sectors (0.5 x 2)
  PED-250Y: Second-Year Policy Analysis Seminar (1.5 x 3)
  API-500: Spring Exercise (R) (0.5)
  DPI-324: Running for Office and Managing Campaigns
  DPI-660: From to Obama 2012 - Digital Strategy in Political Campaigns

 Economic Analysis

  API-101: Markets and Market Failure (R)
  API-102: Economic Analysis of Public Policy (R)
  API-105: Markets and Market Failure with Cases (x 2)
  API-109: Advanced Microeconomic Analysis I
  API-110: Advanced Microeconomic Analysis II
  API-111: Microeconomic Theory I
  API-112: Microeconomic Theory II
  API-304: Behavioral Economics and Public Policy
  API-305: Behavioral Economics, Law and Public Policy
  PED-210: Public Finance in Theory and Practice
  SUP-125: Public Economics: Designing Government Policy

 Quantitative Methods

  API-201: Quantitative Analysis and Empirical Methods (R)
  API-202: Empirical Methods II (R)
  API-205: Politics and Policies - What Can Statistics Tell Us?
  API-210: Advanced Quantitative Methods II - Econometric Methods

 Analytic Methods

  API-139M Benefit-Cost Analysis (0.5)
  API-302: Analytic Frameworks for Policy
  API-309: An Introduction To Network Science
  API-505: Policy Analysis (0.7 x 4)
  API-148: Advanced Risk Management and Infrastructure Finance
  MLD-304: Science of Behavior Change (x 2)
  DPI-613: Polling in the Real World - Using Survey Research to Win Elections and Govern
  MLD-601: Operations Management

 Leadership Skills

  DPI-312: Sparking Social Change
  DPI-720: Leaders and Leadership in History
  IGA-610M: Leadership and Ethics in American Foreign Policy (0.5)
  MLD-201: Exercising Leadership - The Politics of Change (x 2)
  MLD-202: Exercising Leadership: A Cross-Cultural & International Perspective
  MLD-220M: Fundamentals of Negotiation Analysis (0.3 x 3)
  MLD-221: Negotiation Analysis (x 5)
  MLD-230: Advanced Workshop in Multiparty Negotiation and Conflict Resolution
  MLD-324M: Women and Leadership (0.5)
  MLD-325: Becoming a Leader
  MLD-328M: Noticing - A Leadership Challenge (0.5)
  MLD-329: Power and Glory in Turbulent Times - The History of Leadership from Henry V to Mark Zuckerberg (x 2)
  MLD-342: Persuasion - The Science and Art of Effective Influence
  MLD-343: Advanced Topics in Persuasion - A Workshop in the Theory and Practice of Leadership
  MLD-353M: Followership (0.5)
  MLD-355M: Public Narrative: Self, Us, Now (0.5)
  MLD-356M: Public Narrative - Conflict, Continuity, Change (0.5)
  MLD-364: Leadership on the Line
  MLD-377: Organizing - People, Power, Change
  MLD-620: Innovating in the Public Sector
  MLD-835: Social Entrepreneurship, Policy and Systems Change - How to Drive Significant Impact on Social Problems

 Communication Skills

  DPI-330: The Making of a Politician (x 3)
  DPI-563: Integrated Law/Policy Research and Writing (0.5)
  DPI-801: The Arts of Communication
  DPI-802M: The Arts of Communication (0.5 x 5)
  DPI-810M: Introduction to Writing for Policy and Politics (0.5 x 4)
  DPI-811M: Advanced Intensive Writing for Policy and Politics (0.5 x 2)
  DPI-820M: Policy Writing for Decision Makers (0.5 x 3)
  DPI-821M: Advanced Policy Writing for Decision Makers (0.5)
  DPI-830: Advanced Intensive Writing - Column and Opinion Writing (x 2)
  IGA-451M: The Media, Energy, and Environment - Global Policy and Politics (0.5)

Institutions and Context

 Democratic Institutions and Policy Process

  DPI-101: Political Institutions and Public Policy (R)
  DPI-115: The American Presidency
  DPI-120: The U.S. Congress and Law Making
  DPI-122: Politics and American Public Policy
  DPI-132: Presidents, Politics, and Economic Growth - From World War II to Obama
  BGP-150: Seminar - Business and Government
  DPI-205: Responsibility and Representation - Meeting The Demands of Political Life
  DPI-216: Democratic Theory
  DPI-413: Democratization
  DPI-416: Global Challenges of Electoral Integrity
  DPI-600: Press, Politics, and Public Policy
  DPI-659: Media, Politics, and Power in the Digital Age
  DPI-703: Understanding Democracy Through History
  DPI-710: History of the U.S. for Policymakers, Activists, and Citizens
  BGP-100: The Business-Government Relationship in the United States
  IGA-112: The Politics and Ethics of Statecraft
  DPI-150: Seminar - Democracy, Politics, and Institutions

 Ethics, Rights and Accountability

  DPI-201: The Responsibilities of Public Action (R)
  DPI-202M: Ethics in Public Life (0.5 x 2)
  DPI-230: Legitimacy and Resistance
  IGA-220: The Politics and Ethics of the Use of Force
  IGA-385: The Theory and Practice of Human Rights

 Social and Political Context

  DPI-225: Religion and Politics - Defining the Actors and Debating the Issues
  DPI-342: Religion, Politics, and Public Policy
  DPI-684: New Media, Surveillance, Access, Propaganda, and Democracy
  IGA-513: Science, Power, and Politics
  IGA-516: Law, Science, and Society in America
  IGA-518: Expertise in Law and Science
  PED-233: Political Economy After the Crisis
  SUP-207: Social Structure and Culture in the Study of Race and Urban Poverty
  SUP-921: Proseminar on Inequality and Social Policy I
  SUP-922: Proseminar on Inequality and Social Policy II
  SUP-923: Proseminar on Inequality and Social Policy III

 Intergovernmental and Global Context

  DPI-431: Global Europe: Democracy, Policy, and Governance
  DPI-433: Europe in Crisis - International, Regional, and Domestic Perspectives
  DPI-450: The Political Economy of Transition in China
  DPI-714: The United States and the World - Politics, Policy, and the Uses of History
  IGA-103: Global Governance
  IGA-105: The Politics of International Law
  IGA-110: Modern Diplomacy: Peace and War in the 21st Century
  IGA-116: Great Power Competition in the International System
  IGA-130M: International Regimes (0.5)
  IGA-331M: Business and Human Rights (0.5)
  IGA-351: Human Trafficking and Modern Slavery
  IGA-360: Sovereignty and Intervention
  IGA-523: Innovation for Global Development
  IGA-681: Thinking Out of the Black Box - Exploring New Insights into North Korea
  ITF-225: The Future of Globalization - Issues, Actors, and Decisions
  IGA-150: Seminar - International and Global Affairs

Management Functions

 Public Financial Management

MLD-401M: Financial Management in Public and Nonprofit Organizations (0.5 x 2)
MLD-410: State and Local Public Finance
MLD-411M: Budgeting and Financial Management (0.5)
MLD-412M: Advanced Applied Management, Operations, and Budgeting (0.5)
MLD-427: Managing Financial Resources in Non Profit Organizations (x 2)
MLD-829M: Entrepreneurial Finance (0.5 x 2)

 Evaluation and Performance Measurement

API-206: Fundamentals of Program and Policy Evaluation
API-208: Program Evaluation: Estimating Program Effectiveness with Empirical Analysis

 Human Resource Management

 Information Management and Technology

 Local Government Management

  SUP-600: Policymaking in Urban Settings
  SUP-605M: Leading Cities (0.5)
  SUP-665: Real Estate Finance and Development Fundamentals for Public and Private Participants

 Regulatory Policy and Management

  BGP-230M: Corporate Social Responsibility (0.5)

 Nonprofit Management and Advocacy

  MLD-805: Philanthropy and Public Problem-Solving
  DPI-351M: Lobbying - Theory, Practice, and Simulations (0.5)
  IGA-380M: Human Rights Advocacy Using Video, Social Media, and Participatory Media (0.5)
  IGA-384: Tools for Human Rights Practice












Policy Sectors

 Macroeconomic Policy

  API-119: Advanced Macroeconomics for the Open Economy II
  API-120: Advanced Macroeconomics for the Open Economy I
  API-121: Macroeconomic Theory and Policy
  API-126: American Economic Policy
  ITF-220: The Economics of International Financial Policy
  ITF-270: Financial Crises: Concepts and Evidence

 International Development

  IGA-414: Political Economy of Oil and Mining Resources in Developing Countries
  PED-100: Economic Development Policy
  PED-101: Economic Development - Theory, Evidence, and Policy Design (1.5)
  PED-130: Why Are So Many Countries Poor, Volatile, and Unequal?
  PED-209: Management, Finance, and Regulation of Public Infrastructure in Developing Countries
  PED-308: Social Institutions and Economic Development
  PED-309: Development Policy Strategy
  PED-313: The Politics of Development Policy
  PED-319: Development Economics II - Macroeconomic Issues
  PED-338: Contemporary South Asia - Entrepreneurial Solutions to Intractable Social & Economic Problems
  PED-375: The Informal Economy - Links with Poverty, Growth, and Economic Crises
  PED-401: Applications and Cases in International Development (x 2)
  PED-150: Seminar - Political and Economic Development

 Social Policy and Welfare

  SUP-321M: Designing Social Security Systems (0.5)
  SUP-425M: Developing Effective School and Community Interventions for At-Risk Children (0.5)
  PED-501M: Native Americans in the 21st Century - Nation Building I (0.5)
  PED-502: Native Americans in the 21st Century - Nation Building II
  SUP-150: Seminar - Social and Urban Policy


  IGA-490M: The Global Health System - Governance Challenges and Institutional Innovations (0.5)
  SUP-500: Introduction to U.S. Health Care Policy
  SUP-517M - Innovation, Access to Medicines and Global Governance (0.5)
  SUP-518: Economics of Global Health
  SUP-572: The Economics of Health Care Policy
  SUP-582: Health Policy Reform - Comparative Approaches to Reducing Inequalities
  SUP-951: Doctoral Seminar in the Economics of Health and Medical Care
  SUP-957: Core Course in Health Policy I
  SUP-958: Core Course in Health Policy II


  SUP-415: School Reform: Policy, Practice, and Leadership (x 2)
  SUP-422: Introduction to the Development and Implementation of Education Policy
  SUP-442: Tackling the Toughest Controversies in Modern American Higher Education
  SUP-447: The Politics of American Education
  SUP-448: The Political Economy of the School
  SUP-449: Politics and Education Policy in the U.S.
  SUP-450: The Consequences of Educational Policy Interventions in Developing Countries: Evidence from Recent Impact
  SUP-470: Strategies and Policies for Narrowing Racial Achievement Gaps

 Employment, Labour and Immigration

  SUP-311: The Economic Impact of Immigration

 Cities, Urban and Regional Development

  SUP-601: Urban Politics, Planning, and Development
  SUP-606: Disaster Recovery Management - Rebuilding Cities After a Disaster
  SUP-607M: Community Recovery - Rebuilding Disaster Damaged Communities in Chile (0.5)
  SUP-661: Housing and Urbanization in the United States
  SUP-662: Housing and Urbanization in Global Cities
  SUP-663: Land Use and Environmental Law
  SUP-664: Housing Policy in the U.S.: Intersection of Public/Private Sectors in Housing Finance
  SUP-666: Affordable and Mixed-Income Housing Development, Finance, and Management
  SUP-668: Public and Private Development

 Environment and Sustainability

  API-905: Seminar on Environmental Economics and Policy
  DPI-345M: Green Politics and Public Policy in a Global Age (0.5)
  IGA-408M: Learning from the Failure of Climate Policy (0.5)
  IGA-944: Sustainability Science - Policy Analysis and Design for Sustainable Development

 Agriculture and Resources

  IGA-422: Global Food Politics and Policy

 Science, Technology and Innovation

  DPI-668: Digital Platforms
  DPI-685: 2025 Vision and Information Policy - Considering the Public Interest
  IGA-520: Technology, Innovation, and Sustainability

 Industry, Trade and Investment

  BGP-254: Global Strategic Management
  ITF-110: The Political Economy of Trade
  PED-131M: Policies for Competitiveness (0.5)
  ITF-150: Seminar - International Trade and Finance

 Energy, Transport and Infrastructure

  API-164: Energy Policy Analysis
  IGA-410: Energy Policy - Technologies, Systems, and Markets
  IGA-412: The Geopolitics of Energy
  SUP-651: Transportation Policy and Planning
  SUP-652: Transportation Planning and Development

 Defence, Security and Foreign Relations

  DPI-440: Middle Eastern Politics and Policy
  IGA-211: Central Challenges of American National Security, Strategy, and the Press
  IGA-232: Controlling the World’s Most Dangerous Weapons
  IGA-236M: Technology, Security, and Conflict in the Cyber Age (0.5)
  GA-305: Children, Youth, and International Human Rights
  IGA-335: Values and Interests in U.S. Foreign Policy
  IGA-342M: Human Rights Dilemmas in Child Protection (0.5)
  IGA-615: The U.S. Homeland Security Enterprise
  IGA-218M: Inclusive Security (0.5)
  IGA-353M: Winter Field Study Course in the Middle East 2014 - Assessing the Syrian Refugee Crisis in Lebanon (0.5)

 Policing and Justice Administration

  SUP-701: Workshop on Crime and Criminal Justice Reform in Global Context
  SUP-705: Seminar in Crime and Justice

 Arts and Culture

 Financial Markets

  API-141: Finance
  BGP-264: Capital Market Regulation

Important Notices
© University of Toronto 2008
School of Public Policy and Governance