Practice Advice on Cities, Urban and Regional Development
Best Practices for Good Local Governance (UNDP)
Summary Advice: The UNDP describes ten principles of good governance at the local level. These principles can help local governments promote sustainable development, improve government effectiveness and enhance democratic practices.
Main Points: The UNDP describes ten principles of good governance at the local level. These principles are that local governments should:
1. Ensure the participation of all citizens when making decisions concerning the public interest, both directly and indirectly;
2. Ensure the implementation of a fair and impartial rule of law by honouring basic human rights and observing the values prevalent in the society;
3. Increase transparency and build trust between the government and the public;
4. Ensure policies that provide equal opportunities for all members of the society;
5. Ensure that government institutions are responsive to the needs of the society;
6. Develop the region based on a clear vision and strategy;
7. Increase the accountability of all decision-makers;
8. Increase supervision in the operation of government and the implementation of development by involving the private sector and the general public;
9. Enhance efficiency and effectiveness as a means to guarantee public service delivery;
10. Enhance the professionalism, capacity and moral disposition of government administrators so that they are capable of providing easy, fast, accurate and affordable services.
Source: UNDP (2002). "Introducing Good Local Governance: The Indonesian Experience" at http://www.undp.or.id/programme/governance/intro_glg.pdf (accessed 29 October 2012)
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