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Applying an Implementation Lens
Balanced Scorecard as a Strategy for Performance Improvement
Building Coalitions
Bureaucratic Politics, Organizational Design and Decision-Making
Cognitive Biases
Defining Policy Problems and Policy Making Under Pressure
Developing Networks for Improvement
Efficiency, Effectiveness, and Instrument Choice
Financing and Fundraising in the Third Sector
Implementation and Policy
Implementation and Policy
Implementation and Risk
Implementation and the Budget Context
Implementation Environment
Implementing through Markets
Implementing with Partners
Improving Organizational Performance Through Competition
Learning as a Performance Strategy
Leveraging Diversity
Managing a Global Team
Managing Conflict
Managing Partnerships: Multi-Party Arrangements
Managing Risk: The “New” Way Forward in Managing?
Mission and Strategy
Models of Policy Making
Modernization of Public Sector Organizations
Multi-Level Governance
Network Assessment and Analysis
Operations and Marketing Strategy
Organizational Alignment
Organizational Behaviour
Organizational Culture
Organizational Performance and Management Reform
Organizing for Collaboration and Partnership
Organizing for Performance
Overview of Recent Trends in Public Administration
Performance Information as a Management Tool
Policy Analysis and Contemporary Governance
Policy Design and Instrument Choice
Policy Evaluation
Public Services in the Age of Restraint - new public service delivery models and the quest to do better with less
Public-Private Partnerships
Recent Trends from Comparative Public Administration
Rules vs. Discretion
The Crisis of “Governability” (1970s) and its Effects
The Meaning of Strategy in Public Management
The Role of Leadership in Strategy and Implementation
The Role of the Board and Strategic Governance in Third Sector Organizations
The Shift to Public Governance
Theories of Human Motivation and Decision Making: Rational Choice
Working in Teams


Working in Teams and Motivation

This topic introduces students to different theories of employee motivation, and important strategies for encouraging effective cooperation between team members in public sector organizations. This topic includes study of different sources of motivation, behavioral economics/theory and dynamics within groups.

Topic Learning Outcome: Students will be knowledgeable about the different sources of motivation that drive people to complete assigned tasks and will be able to clearly explain and execute key management strategies that facilitate effective cooperation and teamwork.

Core Concepts Associated with this Topic: Brainstorming; Collaborative Management; Inclusive Management (in public management).

Recommended Readings

American: PUAD-612

Mayo, Elton. The Social Problems of an Industrial Civilization. Oxford: Graduate School of Business Administration, 1945. Pages 68-76.

McGregor, Douglas. "The human side of enterprise." New York 21 (1960): 166.

Maslow, Abraham Harold. "A theory of human motivation." Psychological review 50, no. 4 (1943): 370.

Follett, Mary Parker. "The giving of order." Scientific foundations of business administration (1926).

Barnard, Chester Irving. The functions of the executive. Vol. 11. Harvard university press, 1968.

Nicholson, Nigel. “How to Motivate Your Problem People.” Harvard Business Review January 2003.  

Rutgers: 26-834-215 Introduction to Public Administration

Holzer, Marc, and Richard W. Schwester. Public Administration: An Introduction. Armonk: ME Sharpe, 2011. Chapters 2,3 and 7.

Sample Assessment Questions:

1.)   Identify and describe three potential sources of motivation that can help drive employees to achieve tasks efficiently and effectively.

2.)   In a short paper (2-3 pages) discuss some of the risks and advantages associated with competition within teams (between team members) in high-functioning organizations. 


Page created by Matthew Seddon; Joshua Tan on 18 April 2015; edited by Ben Eisen.


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School of Public Policy and Governance