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Parliamentary, Presidential and Decentralized Unitary Systems

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TEACHING TOPICS IN DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTINS AND POLICY PROCESS
Actors, Interests and Lobbying
Administration and Governance
Administrative Law and Constitutional Checks on the Executive
All-Powerful Leaders?: The Concentration of Power in Modern Executives
Bureaucracy and the Formulation of Public Policy
Canadian Intergovernmental Structures and Operating Processes
Conceptual and Theoretical Foundations of Third Sector Governance and Management
Courts, Judicial Review, Rights and Democracy
Democracy
Emergence of the Nation State
Executive Authority, Cabinet and Leadership
Executive Leadership in Government
Executive-Legislative Relations
Federalism
Federal-Provincial Fiscal Relations
Federal-Provincial-Municipal Relations
Game Theory and Rational Institutionalism
Indigenous Rights and Institutions
Institutional Architecture: Federalism
Institutional Designs and Paths
Machinery of Government
Media, Framing and Agenda Setting
New Public Management
Parliamentary, Presidential and Decentralized Unitary Systems
Political and Administrative Responsibilities
Political and Administrative Responsibilities
Political Parties and Elections
Probing the Accuracy of Rational Decision Making Models: Alternative Accounts
Public and Para-Public Institutions
Public Institutions, Organizing Principles and Democratic Control
Public Opinion, Ideas and Policy Frames
Representation and Accountability
Representation and Responsiveness
Representation, Accountability and Policy
The Architecture of the Canadian State
The Bureaucracy and Bureaucratic Behaviour
The Changing Role of the State
The Democratic Deficit: Ethics, Responsiveness and Performance
The International Context of Domestic Institutions
The Policy Cycle
The Political Context of Policy Making
Weber: Rationalization and Bureaucracy
Westminster Parliamentary Systems
Who are the Players in the Policy Process?

 

A Teaching Topic in Democratic Institutions and Policy Process 

Parliamentary, Presidential and Decentralized Unitary Systems

This topic discusses the characteristics of the major systems of democratic government currently in use. Specifically, this topic examines the similarities and differences between a parliamentary system of government such as Canada's and a presidential system of government such as exists in the United States. Students consider the political dynamics that each system creates for political actors. This topic also asks students to consider the impact of these institutional arrangements on policy outcomes, and to reflect on whether these major institutional differences help us understand why governments in different countries act the way they do.  

 

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© University of Toronto 2008
School of Public Policy and Governance