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Actors, Interests and Lobbying
Administration and Governance
Administrative Law and Constitutional Checks on the Executive
All-Powerful Leaders?: The Concentration of Power in Modern Executives
Bureaucracy and the Formulation of Public Policy
Canadian Intergovernmental Structures and Operating Processes
Conceptual and Theoretical Foundations of Third Sector Governance and Management
Courts, Judicial Review, Rights and Democracy
Emergence of the Nation State
Executive Authority, Cabinet and Leadership
Executive Leadership in Government
Executive-Legislative Relations
Federal-Provincial Fiscal Relations
Federal-Provincial-Municipal Relations
Game Theory and Rational Institutionalism
Indigenous Rights and Institutions
Institutional Architecture: Federalism
Institutional Designs and Paths
Machinery of Government
Media, Framing and Agenda Setting
New Public Management
Parliamentary, Presidential and Decentralized Unitary Systems
Political and Administrative Responsibilities
Political and Administrative Responsibilities
Political Parties and Elections
Probing the Accuracy of Rational Decision Making Models: Alternative Accounts
Public and Para-Public Institutions
Public Institutions, Organizing Principles and Democratic Control
Public Opinion, Ideas and Policy Frames
Representation and Accountability
Representation and Responsiveness
Representation, Accountability and Policy
The Architecture of the Canadian State
The Bureaucracy and Bureaucratic Behaviour
The Changing Role of the State
The Democratic Deficit: Ethics, Responsiveness and Performance
The International Context of Domestic Institutions
The Policy Cycle
The Political Context of Policy Making
Weber: Rationalization and Bureaucracy
Westminster Parliamentary Systems
Who are the Players in the Policy Process?


A Teaching Topic in Democratic Institutions and Policy Process


Democracy is a core value underpinning Canadian public management. This teaching topic examines democratic governance in Canada, and the role that the public plays in choosing the government and influencing policy outcomes between elections.

Recommended Reading (University of Toronto PPG-1001)

Pateman, Carole. 2012. “Participatory Democracy Revisited.” Perspectives on Politics 10: 7-19.

Skogstad, Grace. 2003. “Who Governs? Who Should Govern? Political Authority and Legitimacy in Canada in the Twenty-First Century.” Canadian Journal of Political Science 36, 5: 955-974.

Barnes, Marian. 2003. “Constituting ‘the Public’ in Public Participation.” Public Administration 81, 2: 379-399.

Fung, Archon. 2006. “Varieties of Participation in Complex Governance.” Public Administration Review, 66: 66-75.

Gladwell, Malcolm. 2005. “The Bakeoff.” The New Yorker (5 September): 125-133. Goodin, Robert E. and John S. Dryzek. 2006. “Deliberative Impacts: The Macro-Political Uptake of Mini-Publics.” Politics and Society, 34, 2: 219-244.

Neblo, Michael A., et al. 2010. “Who Wants to Deliberate – And Why?” American Political Science Review 104: 566-583.

Pierre, Jon. “Public Consultation and Citizen Participation: Dilemmas of Policy Advice.” In Taking Stock: Assessing Public Sector Reforms. Eds. B.Guy Peters and Donald J. Savoie. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s U.P., 1998, 137-63. Online:

Warren, Mark E. and Hilary Pearse. 2008. “Introduction: Democratic Renewal and Deliberative Democracy.” In Designing Deliberative Democracy: the British Columbia Citizens’ Assembly. Ed. Mark E. Warren and Hilary Pearse. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1-19.

Source: PPG-1001 Syllabus, 2013.

Page created by: Ben Eisen on 23 February 2013; updated by Ian Clark 24 February 2013; updated by Ben Eisen 24 February 2013.

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© University of Toronto 2008
School of Public Policy and Governance