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Inclusive Management (in public management)

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PPGPortal > Home > Concept Dictionary > I, J > Inclusive Management (in public management)

Inclusive Management (in public management)

An approach to management that is based on deliberation and broad participation in the decision-making process.

(Feldman et al., 2006, p. 93) 


Inclusive management has two broad premises (Feldman et al. 2006). The first is that bringing people together from different perspectives in ways that allow them to appreciate one another’s perspectives enhances the design and implementation of policies. The second premise is that informed deliberative processes are fundamental to democracy. The public manager as inclusive manager facilitates the practice of democracy by creating opportunities for people with different ways of knowing public problems to work together in a collective space to solve problems. Hence, inclusion is viewed as a management process that facilitates deliberation. Inclusive management is not practiced solely to achieve inclusion, but also purposefully to engage different ways of knowing in the continuous process of problem-solving. (Feldman et al. 2006).


Khademian, Anne, Martha Feldman, Helen Ingram and Anne Schneider.  “Ways of Knowing and Inclusive Management Practices.”  Public Administration Review 66 (December Supplement):  89 - 99 (2006).



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