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Fiduciary Duty

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CONCEPTS & TERMS IN PUBLIC POLICY & MGT
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A
Aboriginal
Absent Mandate
Absolute Inequality
Abuse of Authority
Academic Freedom
Accelerated Lay-Off
Access to Information Act
Accountability
Accountability Framework
Accounting
Accounting Controls
Accounting Officer
Accreditation
Accrual Basis of Accounting
Accrual Output Budgeting
Active Monitoring
Activity
Activity Statement
Activity-Based Costing
Ad Valorem Subsidy
Ad Valorem Tax
Administrative Aspect of Major Statutory Spending
Administrative Law
Advice (in the Public Service context)
Advocacy Coalition
Advocacy Group
Agency Theory
Agenda
Agenda Setting
Aggregate Demand
Aggregate Supply Curve
Aid
Aid Effectiveness
Allocations
Allocative Efficiency
Allotments
Alternative Service Delivery
Altruism
Amortization
Analytical Tools
Anchoring Effect
Annuity
Answerability
Apparent Conflict of Interest
Appointment
Appointment Framework
Appraisal
Appropriation
Area of Selection
Argument Mapping
Argumentative Policy Analysis
Arrow's Impossibility Theorem
Assets
Assimilation
Associational System
Assumption of Convex Preferences
Assumption of Monotonic Preferences
Assumption of Transitive Preferences
Assumptional Analysis
Asymmetric Information
Asymmetrical Federalism
Attentive Public
Attribution
Attrition
Audit
Audit Opinion
Audit Program
Audit Team
Audit Trail
Audited Financial Statements
Automatic Stabilizers
Average Cost
B, C
Backbencher
Backward Mapping
Bad Debts
Balance Sheet
Bargaining (in Regulatory Policy)
Bargaining Agent
Baseline Information
Basic Financial Statements
BATNA - Best Alternative to a Negotiated Agreement
Benchmark
Beneficiaries
Benefit Model of Local Government Finance
Best Practices
Binary Variable
Binding Rules
Blame Avoidance
Bond
Bootstrapping
Bottom-Up Budget
Bottom-Up Theory of Implementation
Boundary Analysis
Bounded Rationality
Brainstorming
Break-Even Analysis
Brokerage Politics
Budget
Budget Constraint
Budget Cycle
Budget Deficit
Budget Line
Budget Reserves
Budget Set
Budget Surplus
Budgetary Transaction
Bureaucracy
Bureaucratic Independence
Business Cycle
Cabinet
Cabinet Secrecy
California Effect
Canada's Performance Report
Capability Review Programme
Capacity
Capacity Building
Capacity Development
Capital Assets
Capital Budget
Capital Equipment
Capital Flight
Capital Goods
Capital Mobility
Capital Project
Capital Projects Fund
Capital Spending
Carbon Dioxide
Career Development
Career Transition
Carrying Capacity
Carrying Cost of Inventory
Case Studies
Cash Basis of Accounting
Cash Equivalents
Cash Flow
Cash Flow Statement
Cash Management
Catastrophic Harms
Catch-Up Effect
Causal Chain
Causal Images
Causal Relationship
Census Metropolitan Area
Central Agencies
Central Bank
Central Limit Theorem
Change Management
Charity
Chart of Accounts
Chicago School of Economics
Chief and Council
Chief Financial Officer
Citizen Engagement
Citizen Participation
Citizen-Centred Service Delivery
Citizens
Citizens' Juries
Citizenship
City
City Diplomacy
Civic (Private) Regulation
Civic Associations
Civil Society
Classical Dichotomy
Classification
Clerk of the Privy Council
Client Satisfaction
Climate Change
Closed Economy
Closure
Coaching
Coase Theorem
Collaborative Management
Collective Leadership
Community Non-profit Sector
Community Policing
Community Score Card
Comparative Research
Competition State
Compliance
Compliance Costs
Confirmation Bias
Confounding Child Effects
Content Analysis
Context of Information Practices
Cooperative Federalism
Core Competencies (OECD)
Corruption
Cost-benefit Analysis
Cost-effectiveness Analysis
Cost-shared Programs
Cournot Competition Model
Crisis
Cross-Subsidization
D, E
Data
Data Collector Bias
Data Generating Process
Data Transformation
Dataset
Deadweight Loss of a Tax
Debit
Debt
Debt To Equity
Decentralisation
Decision Chain
Decision Point
Decline of Deference
Decreasing Returns to Scale
Deferral Method of Accounting
Deficit
Deficit Reduction
Defined Benefit Pension Plan
Defined Contribution Pension Plan
Degree
Delegation
Delegation Matrix
Delegation of Authority
Deliberation
Deliberative Democracy
Deliberative Polling
Demand Curve
Demand Function Facing the Firm
Democracy
Demographics
Demonstration
Departmental Evaluation Plan
Departmental Performance Report
Dependent Variable
Depreciation
Depreciation Expense
Deputy Head
Deputy Minister
Deregulation
Destributive-Redistributive Policies
Determinants of Child Development Outcomes
Deterrence
Development Charges
Development Economics
Diagnostic Procedures
Differentiation
Digital Divide
Digital-Era Governance
Diminishing Marginal Product
Diminishing Marginal Rate of Substitution
Diminishing Technical Rate of Substitution
Direct Program Spending
Direct Transparency
Direct vs. Indirect Democracy
Discount Rate
Discounted Cash Flow
Discouraged Searchers
Discrete Random Variable
Discretion
Discriminating Monopolist
Disruptive Innovation
Distributed Governance
Distributive/Redistributive Policies
Division of Labour
Dominant Strategy
Double-Entry Accounting
Due Diligence
Due Process
Dutch Disease
Early Childhood Education (ECE)
East Asian Miracle
Ecology
Econometrics
Economic Liberalism
Economic Model
Economic Rent
Economics
Economy(in evaluation)
Education as Consumption
Efficiency
E-Governance
E-Government
E-Learning
Electoral College
Elite Accommodation (in Canada)
Elite Interviews
Emergency Management
Empirical Analysis
Employment Insurance (EI)
Employment Rate
Endogenous Variable
Enforcement
Enforcement Pyramid
Engel Curve
Enterprise Fund
Entity Risk Profile
Environmental Scan
Environmental Validity
Environmentalism
Epistemic Community
Epistemology
Equilibrium Principle
Equivalent Variation
Evaluability
Evaluation Assessment
Evaluation Criteria
Evaluation Products
Evidence Based Policy
Executive Federalism
Exogenous Variable
Expected Result
Expenditure Estimate of GDP
Expenditure Management System
Export-led Industrialization
Extension Laws
Extensive Margin
External Validity
Externalities
F, G, H
Factor Demand Curve
Factors of Production
Fade-Out of Childcare Participation Effects
Favouritism (in human resource management)
Federal Accountability Act
Federalism
Fiat Money
Fiduciary Duty
Financial Management
Financial Markets
Financial Reporting
Financial Statements
Financial System
First Ministers
First Theorem of Welfare Economics
Fiscal Capacity
Fiscal Federalism
Fiscal Policy
Fixed Exchange Rate
Flat Organizations
Flat Tax
Flexible Budgeting
Floating Exchange Rate
Focus Groups
Focusing Events
Formative Evaluation
Forward Mapping (in implementation analysis)
Foundation
Fractional Reserve Banking
Fragile State
Framing of Information
Free Market Capitalism
Free Rider
Free Trade
Frequency Distribution
Frictional Unemployment
Full Disclosure (accounting principle)
Fund (in accounting)
Game Theory
Gaming (in evaluation)
Gender Mainstreaming
Gender-based Analysis (GBA)
General Journal (in accounting)
General Ledger (in accounting)
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP)
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles Audit Criteria
Generational Income Mobility
Giffen Good
Gini Coefficient
Global Warming Potential (GWP)
Globalization
Globalization System
Glocalization
Going-Concern Principle
Governance
Government Bill
Government Business Enterprise
Government of Canada Evaluation Plan
Government of Canada Outcomes
Government Organization (in Canada)
Government Restructuring
Greenhouse Effect
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Gross National Product
Groupthink
Hawthorne Effect
Head of Evaluation
Higher Education
Histogram
Horizontal Initiative
Horizontal Management
Horizontal Policy Consistency
Horizontal Result
Human Capital
Human Development Index (HDI)
Human Resources Planning
I, J
Ideas in Good Currency
Identity Groups
Ideology
Illiteracy
Immigration
Impact Evaluation
Implementation
Implementation Lenses
Implementation Space
Import Quota
Import Substitution Industrialization (ISI)
Incentive Compatability Constraint
Inclusive Management (in public management)
Income Elasticity of Demand
Income Estimate of Gross Domestic Product
Income Inequality
Income Offer Curve
Income Statement
Increasing Returns to Scale
Incremental Costs (in public management)
Incrementalism in Policy Reform
Indicator
Indifference Curve
Inequality
Inferior Good
Inflation
Influential Observations
Information Economy
Infrastructure
Inherent Right to Self-Government (Aboriginal context)
Initiative
Injunction
Innovation Networks
Inputs
Institutionalism
Instrument Choice
Instrument Design
Intangible Benefits of Programs
Intellectual Capital
Intellectual Property
Interactive Policy Analysis
Interagency Collaboration
Interest Aggregation
Interest Group
Interest Rate Parity
Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfers
Intergovernmental Organization
Intergovernmental Relations
Intergovernmental Transfers (in Municipal Finance)
Intermediate Outcome
Internal Audit
Internal Consistency
Internal Expert (in audit)
Internationalization
Intertemporal Choice
Intra-Generational Mobility
Intrastate Federalism
Inverse Demand Function
Invisible Hand
Involuntary Unemployment
Iron Triangle
Isoquant
Isowelfare Curve
Issue Attention Cycle
Issue-Framing
Jensen's Theory of the Firm
Job Rotation
John Henry Effect
Jointly Exhaustive Classification System
Journal Entry
Judicial Activism
Judicial Independence
Judicial Review
Judiciary
Justification
Just-in-time Inventory
K, L, M
Kaldor-Hicks Criterion
Keynesian Economics
Knowledge Management
Knowledge Networks
Knowledge Project
Knowledge-Based Economy
Kyoto Protocol
Labour Force
Labour Force Participation Rate
Labour Migration
Labour Productivity
Labour Union
Law of Demand
Leader
Leadership
Leadership Development
Learning Organization
Least Developed Nations
Legislation
Legislative Auditor
Legislative Committees
Legislative Federalism (in Canada)
Legislature
Legitimacy
Legitimate Coercion
Lessons Learned (in evaluation)
Levers of Development
Liberal Democracy
Liberalism
Likelihood (in relation to Risk)
Line Departments
Line-Item
Liquidity
Literature Review
Lobbying
Local Democratization
Localism
Localization
Logic Model
Low-Income Intensity
Lumpsum Tax
Luxury Good
Machinery of Government (in Canada)
Macroeconomics
Major Statutory Spending
Management Accountability
Management Accountability Framework
Management Consultant
Management Control System
Management Improvement
Management Practices and Controls
Managerialism
Managing Compliance
Managing-for-Results
Marginal Cost Analysis
Marginal Rate of Substitution
Marginal Utility
Market Demand Curve
Market Failure
Memorandum to Cabinet
Mental Health Effects on Child Development
Merit Good
Merit System
Microeconomics
Millennium Development Goals
Minimum-Wage Law
Ministerial Organizations (in Canada)
Ministerial Responsibility (in Canada)
Mission Creep
Mission Statement
Mixed Economy
Modern Comptrollership
Modified Accrual Accounting
Monetary Neutrality
Monetary Policy
Money Multiplier
Monopoly
Monotonic Property of Technology
Monotonic Transformation
Montreal Protocol
Moral Hazard
Moral Suasion
Multi-level Governance (MLG)
Multiple Perspective Analysis
Multiple Regression Analysis
Multiplier Effect
Municipalities as “creatures of the provinces”
N, O
Narrative
National Area of Selection
National Development Strategies
National Mood
National Saving
Natural Experiment
Natural Monopoly
Natural Rate of Unemployment
Natural Resources
Necessary Good
Needs Assessment
Negativity Bias
Neighbourhood Effects on Child Development
Neoliberalism
Net Book Value
Net Capital Outflow (NCO)
Net Cash Flow
Net Demand
Net Exports
Net Migration
Net Present Cost (in accounting)
Network Effect
Network Governance
Networks
Neutrality (in evaluation)
Neutrality (in public service)
New Governance Arrangements
New Institutionalism
New Public Governance
New Public Management
Nine-one-one Federalism (in Canada)
Nominal Currency Application
Nominal Exchange Rate
Nominal GDP
Non-Budgetary Spending
Non-Governmental Organization (NGO)
Nonlinear Policy Problems
Non-ministerial Organization (in Canada)
Non-Partisanship
Normal Good
Normative Analysis
Normed Topic
Not-for-Profit Organizations
Objective Evidence Principle (in accounting)
Objectivity (in evaluation)
Occupational Certification
Office of the Auditor General
Official Development Assistance (ODA)
Official Opposition
Oligopoly
Omitted Variable Bias
Ontology
Open Economy
Open Market Operations
Open Systems Approach
Operating Fund
Operationalization
Opinion Letter
Opportunity Cost
Opportunity Costs of Inventory
Optimal Choice
Optimization Principle
Ordinary Good
Ordinary Least Squares Estimator
Ordinary Monopolist
Organizational Culture
Orienting (Operational Skill)
Outcome
Output/Outcome Budgeting
Outputs
Overnight Rate
Own Source Revenue (Aboriginal context)
P, Q
Paid Sick Leave
Panel Data
Parental Involvement in Childcare
Pareto Efficient Allocations
Pareto Improvement
Parliament of Canada
Parliamentary Accountability
Parliamentary Budget Officer
Parliamentary System of Government
Partial-coverage Program
Participation in Public Governance
Participative Policy Analysis
Path Dependency
Pay for Performance
Perfect Complements
Perfect Substitutes
Perfectly Competitive Market
Performance (in public management)
Performance Audit
Performance Budget
Performance Criteria
Performance Expectations (in public management)
Performance Indicator
Performance Measure
Performance Measurement
Performance Measurement Strategy
Performance Monitoring
Performance Reporting
Performance Story
Performance-Based Regulation
Period Costs
Periodic Inventory
Permission
Perpetual Inventory
Perry Preschool Project
Person with Disabilities
Philanthropy
Physical Capital
Pigouvian Tax
Planning-Programming-Budgeting System (PPBS)
Plans
Pluralism
Pluralist State
Policy
Policy Actor
Policy Analysis
Policy Capacity
Policy Community
Policy Consistency
Policy Convention
Policy Convergence
Policy Development
Policy Diffusion
Policy Entrepreneurs
Policy Feedback
Policy Goals
Policy Images
Policy Instrument
Policy Learning
Policy Network
Policy Outputs vs. Outcomes
Policy Reversal
Policy Statement
Policy Transfer
Policy Window
Political Culture
Political Economy
Political Economy of Information
Political Parties
Politicization
Positional Good
Positivism
Post Modernism
Post-secondary Education
Poverty
Predictability
Prescriptive Regulation
Presidential System of Government
Price Discrimination
Prime Minister
Primus Inter Pares
Principal-Agent Problem
Prisoner's Dilemma
Private Good
Private Member's Bill
Privatization
Problem Definition
Problem Recognition
Problem Structuring
Procedural Fairness
Procurement
Procurement Policy
Productivity
Productivity in the Public Sector
Professional Program
Program
Program Activity Architecture
Program Audits
Program Evaluation
Program Logic
Progressive Tax
Project/Program Objective
Property Tax (and Assessment)
Proportionality Principle
Provider Capture
Public Accounts
Public Administration
Public Choice Model
Public Good
Public Interest
Public Interest Group
Public Management
Public Policy
Public Revenues
Public Sector Management
Punctuated Equilibrium
Qualification Standard
Qualified Auditor’s Opinion
Qualitative Methods
Qualitative Research
Quality Assessment
Quality Assurance
Quality Management
Quality of Life (QoL) Indicators
Quality Services Initiative
Quantitative Measuring
Quantitative Research
Quantity Equation
Quantity Tax
Quantity Theory of Money
Quartile
Quasi-experimental Design
Quasi-Fixed Factor of Production
Quasi-Legislation
Quick Ratio
R
Race to the Bottom
Random Control Trials (RCTs)
Rational Choice Theory
Rational Model
Rational Policy Analysis
Reach
Real Exchange Rate
Real Interest Rate
Recognition
Red Tape
Regime
Regression Analysis
Regression Line
Regulation
Regulatory Agency
Regulatory Capture
Regulatory State
Rent Control
Rent-Seeking
Reports on Plans and Priorities (RPPs)
Representative Democracy
Republicanism
Re-regulation
Research Design
Research Syntheses
Reservation Price
Residual Risk
Resilience to Childhood Environmental Stresses
Resource Management Cycle
Resourcing (in human resource management)
Responsibility (in the Government of Canada)
Responsibility Centre
Responsible Government
Result
Results Based Management
Results Chain
Results-based Management and Accountability Framework (RMAF)
Results-Based Reporting
Results-Expectations Chart (in public management)
Returns to Education
Rights Talk
Risk
Risk Appetite
Risk Culture
Risk Identification
Risk Management
Risk Mitigation
Risk Profile
Risk Strategy
Risk Tolerance
Risk-Based Auditing
Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (RCAP)
Rubenstein Bargaining Model
S
Salary
Salary Range
Sample Size
Sample Space
Sampling Error
Sanction
Satisficing
Scalar Principle
Scaling
Scenario
School Readiness
Scientific Management
Seasonal Employment
Second Generation Canadian
Second Language Evaluation
Second Theorem of Welfare Economics
Secondary Legislation
Second-entry Program
Secondment
Security Clearance
Selection Bias
Self-evaluation (in development)
Self-Financing
Self-regulation
Semi-Presidential System of Government
Senate (in Canada)
Senior Public Servants
Seniority
Sensitivity Analysis
Service Commitments
Service Delivery
Service Fee
Service to Citizens (towards a New Public Administration theory)
Sessional Lecturer
Shadow State
Shaming
Shared Governance
Shoeleather Cost
Short Run Industry Supply
Short Run vs. Long Run
Signaling (Job Market Signaling)
Sin Tax
Single Difference (in impact evaluation)
Single Member Plurality System
Single Observation Design
Sinking Fund
Slow-acting Harms
Small Open Economy
Social Auditing
Social Benefits
Social Capital
Social Cohesion
Social Democratic Welfare State
Social Diversity Thesis
Social Fragmentation
Social Indicators
Social Mobility
Social Movement
Social Network Service
Social Policy
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC)
Social Welfare Function
Socialism
Sociology of Knowledge
Soft Budget Constraint
Solvency
Span of Control
Special Operating Agency (SOA)
Special-Purpose Advisory Commission
Specific Authorization
Specified Term Employment
Spenders and Guardians
Spending Variance
Stabilization Policy
Stabilization Policy Lags
Staffing Strategy
Stagflation
Stakeholders
Standard Deviation
Standard Error
Standardized Variable
Standing Committees
Standing Orders
Stare Decisis
Statement of Activities
Statement of Cash Flows
Statement of Changes in Net Assets
Statement of Financial Position
Statement of Merit Criteria
Statement of Net Assets
Static Response
Statism
Statistical Power
Statistical Spread (Dispersion)
Status of Women Canada
Statute
Straight-Line Depreciation
Strategic Governance
Strategic Human Resources Management (SHRM)
Strategic Outcome
Stratification
Structural Theories of Globalization
Sustainability (in development)
System-Based Regulation
T, U, V
Talent Management
Tall Organizations
Targeted Childcare Programs
Tariff
Tariff Escalation
Tax
Tax Expenditure
Tax Increment Equivalent Grant (in Municipal Finance)
Tax Increment Financing (in Municipal Finance)
Tax Transfer
Taxonomy
Technical Rate of Substitution
Technological Change
Technological Constraints
Technology Transfer (in Development)
Temporal Logic Model (TLM)
Tenure
Termination
Terms of Reference (in evaluation)
The Crown’s Fiduciary Relationship with Aboriginal Peoples
The Tiebout Hypothesis
Thematic Evaluation (in development)
Theory of Interest Rate Parity
Think-Tanks
Third Sector
Thompson’s Three Models of Public Sector Accountability
Time Series Data
Time Value of Money
Time-Series Model
Top-Down Budget
Top-Down Theory of Implementation
Total Debt-To Equity Ratio
Total Factor Productivity (TFP)
Trade Deficit
Trade Liberalization
Trade Surplus
Tragedy of the Commons
Training
Transfer Prices
Transition Support Measure (Human Resource Management)
Transnational Corporations
Transnational Economy
Transparency
Treasury Board of Canada
Triple-E Senate
Trust in Government
Trusteeship Model of Mass Media
Turnover (Human Resource Management)
Ultimatum Game`
Ultra Vires
Unemployment
Unemployment Rate
Unit of Analysis
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
Unity of Command (In Management)
University
Urban Fragility
Urban Governance
Urban Growth
Urban Regime Theory
Urban Sprawl
Urbanization
Useful Life of an Asset
User Charge
User Fees (in Municipal Finance)
Utility
Utility Function
Utopian Management Frameworks
Validity (internal and external)
Value for Money Audit
Values (in public services)
Variable
Variable Cost
Variable Factor of Production
Variance
Veblen Good
Velocity of Money
Venue Shopping
Vertical Policy Consistency
Vertical System of Government
Voluntary Association
Voucher
W, X, Y, Z
Wage Subsidy
Washington Consensus
Weberian Bureaucracy
Welfare Regimes
Welfare State
Westminster Style Parliamentary System
Westphalian Sovereignty (and its evolution)
Wicked Problems
With-versus-Without (in impact evaluation)
Workfare
Workforce Adjustment
Workforce Analysis
Workplace Flexibility
Workplace Well-Being
Write-off
Wrongdoing
Zero Profits in the Long-Run
Zero-Based Budgeting (ZBB)
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