The employment rate is the number of people of working age who are in employment divided by all those of working age.
(Blades, Derek and Mark Pearson. 2007. Women and Men in OECD Countries. Paris: OECD Publications.)
Employment rates of women are below employment rates of men in all OECD countries. But nearly everywhere, the gap between male and female employment rates has been falling. There are only five countries where the gap between male and female employment rates have risen since the mid-1990s – Turkey, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Finland and Sweden. Female employment rates have been growing much faster than those for men in Spain, Ireland, Greece and the Netherlands.