Decline of Deference
The decline in citizens' trust and confidence in their governments and increasing desire to be consulted, to participate, and to be heard in policy development.
(Pal 2006, 87)
It not only induces citizens to be sceptical of politicians, but when added to the new emphasis on identity and rights, it may also make them suspicious of majority interests. Parliament, political parties, and the electoral system are all skewed toward the majority, but the new political culture may see rights as against majority interests, and minority rights as against majority rule.
Pal. Leslie. 2006. Beyond Policy Analysis: Public Issue Management in Turbulent Times, 3rd ed. Toronto: Nelson Education.