Bribe Payers Index
Summary: The Bribe Payers Index (BPI), published by Transparency International (TI), ranks the world’s wealthiest countries by the propensity of their firms to bribe abroad. This report also analyzes the question of which industrial sectors are the worst offenders.
Main Points: The BPI is based on the views of thousands of senior business executives from developed and developing countries. When their companies use bribes to win business abroad and are allowed to get away with it, governments are effectively complicit in exporting corruption.
The 2011 BPI is the fifth edition of the index, ranking 28 of the world’s largest economies according to the likelihood of firms from these countries to bribe when doing business abroad. It is based on the results of Transparency International’s 2011 Bribe Payers Survey. This asked 3,016 senior business executives in 30 countries around the world for their perceptions of the likelihood of companies, from countries they have business dealings with, to engage in bribery when doing business in their country.
Answers were given on a 5-point scale where 1 corresponded to ‘never’ and 5 to ‘always’. This was then converted into a 10-point scale system, where 10 corresponds to ‘never’ and 0 to ‘always’. Since the index reflects views on foreign bribery, assessments of companies from the respondents’ own countries were excluded.
The BPI 1999 includes interviews with private sector leaders in 14 emerging market economies, which combine to account for over 60% of imports of all emerging market economies, namely India, Indonesia, Philippines, South Korea, Thailand, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Hungary, Poland, Russia, Morocco, Nigeria, South Africa. The 14 countries included India, Indonesia, the Philippines, South Korea, Thailand, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Hungary, Poland, Russia, Morocco, Nigeria and South Africa. The survey was conducted from April to July 1999.
Many of the questions asked related to perceptions of bribe-paying in these emerging market economies by companies from the 19 leading exporting countries of the world.
The respondents were interviewed by professional, trained interviewers on the basis of strict confidentiality and anonymity. A total of 779 interviews were conducted which included approximately 55 interviews in each country. About one third (230) of the respondents were senior executives, resident in emerging market countries, who are employed by major foreign companies and about one third (236) represent major national companies. Then, 84 of those questioned were top executives at chartered accountancies, 76 were at binational chambers of commerce, 78 were at national and foreign commercial banks, and 75 were at commercial law firms.
The BPI 2002 is based on surveys conducted in 15 emerging market countries by Gallup International Association. The BPI 2002 was conducted in: Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, the Philippines, Poland, Russia, South Africa, South Korea and Thailand, which are among the very largest such countries involved in trade and investment with multinational firms. The questions relate to the likelihood of companies from 21 leading exporting countries to pay bribes to senior public officials in the surveyed emerging market countries.
A total of 835 interviews were carried out between December 2001 and March 2002, principally with senior executives of domestic and foreign companies, but also with executives at chartered accountancies, binational chambers of commerce, national and foreign commercial banks, and commercial law firms. The survey questions related to perceptions about multinational firms from 21 countries.
The BPI 2006 looks at the likelihood of companies from 30 leading exporting countries to bribe abroad. Companies from the wealthiest countries generally rank in the top half of the Index, but still routinely pay bribes, particularly in developing economies. Companies from emerging export powers India, China and Russia rank among the worst. In the case of China and other emerging export powers, efforts to strengthen domestic anti-corruption activities have failed to extend abroad.
The 2008 BPI ranks the likelihood of firms from 22 top exporting countries to bribe abroad. These 22 countries account for approximately 75 per cent of total foreign direct investment outflows and export goods worldwide. The Index is based on interviews with almost 3,000 senior business executives working in 26 countries.
The 2008 BPI also includes supplementary information on perceptions of corruption across 19 business sectors.
The dataset covers global sample of countries.
Access to database: http://archive.transparency.org/policy_research/surveys_indices/bpi
Source: What is the Bribe Payers Index? http://bpi.transparency.org/bpi2011/in_detail/
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