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PPM-122HM: Global Context

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Normed Course Outlines

PPM-122HM: Global Context

Description: This 3-topic half-module provides an overview of the global context for public policy and management. Globalization is profoundly remaking social structure and transforming the lives of people in every corner of the planet, and for any given policy, it is becoming nearly impossible to ignore the global context. The system of global governance poses constraints and opportunities for policy whether one operates in the public, private or civil sectors, at national or international levels. This half module will deal primarily with context rather than analytic tools, and as such students will address numerous concepts like national interests and federalism, and how these ideas shape up and interact with domestic policy issues.

Learning Outcomes: On successful completion of this half module, students will be familiar with the concepts enumerated below and be able to understand and describe:

  • The global context for public policy and management
  • National Interests
  • Federal, unitary and hybrid states

Concepts to be learned: Policy Transfer; Catch-Up Effect; Fragile State; Globalization; Globalization System; Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfers; Intergovernmental Organization; Intergovernmental Relations; Internationalization; Intrastate Federalism; Structural Theories of Globalization; Trade Liberalization; Capital Flight; Capital Mobility; Westphalian Sovereignty (and its evolution);

Normed Topics in this Normed Course Outline

Like other normed topics on the Atlas, each of these has a topic description, links to core concepts relevant to the topic, learning outcomes, a reading list drawn from available course syllabi, and a series of assessment questions.

Course Syllabi Sources for this Normed Course Outline: University of Toronto: PPG-1000 & 2008; Harvard Kennedy School: ITF-145, ITF-225 & IGA-360; Carleton PADM-5211; University of Wisconsin-Madison: PA-856; Queens: MPA-814

Recommended Readings:

Week 1:  The Global Context

Cashore, Benjamin and Steven Bernstein. 2000. “Globalization, Four Paths of Internationalization and Domestic Policy Change: The Case of Eco-forestry Policy Change in British Columbia, Canada.” Canadian Journal of Political Science 33(2000):67-99.

Frankel, J.  “Globalization of the Economy,” in Joseph S. Nye, Jr. and John D. Donahue, Governance in a Globalizing World, Brookings Press 2000.

Freeman, Richard B. "Are your wages set in Beijing?." The Journal of Economic Perspectives (1995): 15-32.

Hoberg, George, Keith G. Banting and Richard Simeon. 2002. “The Scope of Domestic Choice: Policy Autonomy in a Globalizing World.” In Capacity for Choice: Canada in a New North America, ed. George Hoberg. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

O’Rourke, Kevin H.  and Jeffrey G. Williamson, “When did globalisation begin?” European Review of Economic History, 6, 2002, 23-50.

Rodrik, Dani. One Economics, Many Recipes: Globalization, Institutions, and Economic Growth, Princeton, New Jersey, 2007, chap. 5.

Week 2: National Interests

Keohane, Robert O., Stephen Macedo, and Andrew Moravcsik, “Democracy-Enhancing Multilateralism,” International Organization 63, Winter 2009, 1-31.

Krasner, Stephen. Sovereignty: Organized Hypocrisy (Princeton 1999), ch. 1, “Sovereignty and Its Discontents.”

Koskenniemi, M. “What Use for Sovereignty Today?” Asian Journal of International Law, 1, 2011, ps. 61-70.

Russia’s 2008 Foreign Policy Concept at http://archive.kremlin.ru/eng/text/docs/2008/07/204750.shtml

Studin, Irvin, "Canada’s Four-Point Game" (Global Brief, Spring/Summer 2012) at http://globalbrief.ca/blog/2012/06/07/canada%e2%80%99s-four-point-game/ (accessed 23 February 2013).

Tomasi, J. “Sovereignty, Commerce, and Cosmopolitanism: Lessons from Early America for the Future of the World,” Social Philosophy and Policy 20 (1), 2003, 223- 246

Week 3: Federal, Unitary and Hybrid States

Australian Government, Australia in the Asian Century (Canberra: Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, 2012), chapter 1-7. at http://asiancentury.dpmc.gov.au/white-paper. 

Casey, Joseph and Koleski, Katherine, "Backgrounder: China’s 12th Five-Year Plan" US-China (Economic and Security Review Commission, 2011) at http://www.uscc.gov/researchpapers/2011/12th-FiveYearPlan_062811.pdf  (accessed 23 February 2013).

Haddow, R. “Chapter 12: Federalism and Economic Adjustment: Skills and Economic Development in the Face of Globalization,” in Canadian Federalism. Performance, Effectiveness and Legitimacy, 3rd edition. Don Mills: Oxford University Press, 2012

Levitsky, Steven and Lucan A. Way. 2002. ‘The Rise of Competitive Authoritarianism.’ Journal of Democracy 13(2): 51-65.

Rose, Richard. 2009. ‘Democratic and undemocratic states’ (Chapter 2) in Christian W. Haerpfer, Patrick Bernhagen, Ronald F. Inglehart and Christian Welzel.  2009. Democratization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Skogstad, Grace. “Chapter 11: International Trade Policy and the Evolution of Canadian Federalism,” in Canadian Federalism. Performance, Effectiveness and Legitimacy, 3rd edition. Don Mills: Oxford University Press, 2012

Studin, Irvin, "Process Before Product : A New Federal-Provincial Logic for a New Century" Policy Options (September 2008) at http://www.irpp.org/po/archive/sep08/studin.pdf (accessed 23 February 2013). 

Yilmaz, H. ‘The international context’ (Chapter 7) in Christian W. Haerpfer, Patrick Bernhagen, Ronald F. Inglehart and Christian Welzel. 2009. Democratization. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Pg. 74-88)

Sample Assessment Questions:

1a) Define the following terms: Policy Transfer; Catch-Up Effect; Fragile State; Globalization; Globalization System; Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfers; Intergovernmental Organization; Intergovernmental Relations; Internationalization; Intrastate Federalism; Structural Theories of Globalization; Trade Liberalization; Capital Flight; Capital Mobility. 1b) What is policy diffusion? Provide two recent examples of this phenomenon. 1c) Opponents of international trade agreements including NAFTA and the TPP sometimes claim that these agreements weaken national sovereignty and constrict the choices available to domestic policymakers in advanced democracies. In a short two-page paper, discuss why you either agree or disagree with these claims. 1d) What is policy convergence? What are some of the forces that drive convergence between policy choices in different jurisdictions?

2a) Define the following term: Westphalian Sovereignty (and its evolution). 2b) What are some of the possible interests that can motivate state behavior? Please identify three, using illustrative examples. 2c) What is the Treaty of Westphalia, and why is it an important concept for understanding international relations?

3a) Some scholars of international relations have suggested that the structure of particular states (i.e., whether they are federal or unitary) has an influence on their likely approach to strategy and planning. Discuss these claims in a short 1-2 page pager, and explain why you do or do not find these claims to be persuasive. 3b) What is a federal state? Please provide an example. What is a hybrid union? Identify one jurisdiction that could be considered a hybrid union and explain why.

Page Created by: James Ban on 14 July 2015; updated by Ian Clark on 15 July 2015.


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© University of Toronto 2008
School of Public Policy and Governance