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The International Context of Domestic Institutions

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TEACHING TOPICS IN DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTINS AND POLICY PROCESS
Actors, Interests and Lobbying
Administration and Governance
Administrative Law and Constitutional Checks on the Executive
All-Powerful Leaders?: The Concentration of Power in Modern Executives
Bureaucracy and the Formulation of Public Policy
Canadian Intergovernmental Structures and Operating Processes
Conceptual and Theoretical Foundations of Third Sector Governance and Management
Courts, Judicial Review, Rights and Democracy
Democracy
Emergence of the Nation State
Executive Authority, Cabinet and Leadership
Executive Leadership in Government
Executive-Legislative Relations
Federalism
Federal-Provincial Fiscal Relations
Federal-Provincial-Municipal Relations
Game Theory and Rational Institutionalism
Indigenous Rights and Institutions
Institutional Architecture: Federalism
Institutional Designs and Paths
Machinery of Government
Media, Framing and Agenda Setting
New Public Management
Parliamentary, Presidential and Decentralized Unitary Systems
Political and Administrative Responsibilities
Political and Administrative Responsibilities
Political Parties and Elections
Probing the Accuracy of Rational Decision Making Models: Alternative Accounts
Public and Para-Public Institutions
Public Institutions, Organizing Principles and Democratic Control
Public Opinion, Ideas and Policy Frames
Representation and Accountability
Representation and Responsiveness
Representation, Accountability and Policy
The Architecture of the Canadian State
The Bureaucracy and Bureaucratic Behaviour
The Changing Role of the State
The Democratic Deficit: Ethics, Responsiveness and Performance
The International Context of Domestic Institutions
The Policy Cycle
The Political Context of Policy Making
Weber: Rationalization and Bureaucracy
Westminster Parliamentary Systems
Who are the Players in the Policy Process?

 

 
The International Context of Domestic Institutions

This topic explores the broader contexts within which domestic policy is made. It examines the institutional and governance frameworks that both enable and constrain public policy choices and implementation. Students will learn some of the core theoretical concepts in political science and public policy and how they explain and can be applied to some of the biggest policy challenges facing their country (Toronto PPG 1000H).

Given the broad nature of the term 'institutions', this topic explores the changing conceptions of citizenship, democracy, and nationalism. It looks at the state’s role in the post-WWII international order and the challenges of globalization (Carleton PADM 5115).

Topic Learning Outcome:  Students will be knowledgeable about the ways in which pressures from outside of the state can enable and constrain the policy and implementation choices available to domestic policymakers. Students will be able to name important international institutions that influence policy choices in Canada. Students will consider the implications of globalization and trade liberalization for democratic accountability in specific countries like Canada.

Core Concepts associated with this Topic: Washington Consensus; Policy Transfer; Catch-Up Effect; Fragile State; Globalization; Globalization System; Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfers; Intergovernmental Organization; Intergovernmental Relations; Internationalization; Intrastate Federalism; Structural Theories of Globalization; Trade Liberalization; Capital Flight; Capital Mobility.

Recommended Readings

Toronto: PPG 1000H Governance and Institutions

Cameron, David and Janice Stein. 2002. “The State as place amid shifting spaces,” in Street Protests and Fantasy Parks: Globalization, Culture and the State, eds. David Cameron and Janice Stein, 141-59. Vancouver: UBC Press.

Muller, Jerry Z. 2013. “Capitalism and Inequality.” Foreign Affairs 92(2): 30-51.

Hoberg, George, Keith G. Banting, and Richard Simeon. 2002. “The scope of domestic choice: Policy autonomy in a globalizing world,” in Capacity for Choice: Canada in a New North America, ed. George Hoberg, p. 253-298. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Carney, Mark. 2008. “The implications of globalization for the economy and public policy.” Remarks by Governor of the Bank of Canada to the British Columbia Chamber of Commerce and the Business Council of British Columbia. February 18.

Slaughter, Anne-Marie. February 2013. “Preface”, in The Arab Spring and Climate Change. Center for American Progress/The Stimson Center: 1-6. http://www.americanprogress.org/wpcontent/uploads/2013/02/ClimateChangeArabSpring.pdf

Wolfgang Streeck. 2011. “The Crises of Democratic Capitalism,” New Left Review 71 (September-October 2011) 5-29.

Hale, Geoffrey E. 2012. “In pursuit of leverage: The evolution of Canadian trade and investment policies in an increasingly multipolar world.” Canadian Foreign Policy Journal 18(1): 106-119.

Evans, Paul. 2006. “Canada, Meet Global China.” International Journal 61(Spring): 283-298.

Carleton: PADM 5115 Introduction to State and Society

Stephen Gill. "The Constitution of Global Capitalism", 2000.

Dorval Brunelle. From World Order and Global Disorder. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2008. End of Chapter 4 (beginning at the McDonald Commission) and Chapter 5-6, pp. 91-128.

Sample Assessment Questions:

1.) Define the terms "policy diffusion" and "policy convergence," using an example in each case.

2.) Critics of trade liberalization sometimes argue that free trade agreements weaken the autonomy of domestic lawmakers and thereby reduce democratic accountability. In a short essay, explain whether you think these concerns are well-founded, making use of real-world evidence from recent years.

3.) What is the Washington Consensus? Why is this an important concept for students of public management to be familiar with?  

Page created by Sean Goertzen and Ben Eisen on 6 May 2015.

 


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© University of Toronto 2008
School of Public Policy and Governance