A Teaching Topic in Democratic Institutions and Policy Process
Representation and Accountability
This teaching topic deals with the ways in which the people exercise democratic control over the government. This topic also covers specific electoral rules and conventions governing electoral mandates in Canada and the United States. Specifically, this topic also introduces students to the interactions between lobby and interest groups, the media, an engaged citizenry, the bureaucracy, and the political executive, and how these interactions may impact such things as agenda-setting, governance, and policy instrument selection.
Core Concepts associated with this Topic: Citizen Engagement; Public Interest; Citizen Participation; Citizens; Citizenship; Democracy; Direct vs. Indirect Democracy; Representative Democracy.
Topic Learning Outcome: Upon mastering this topic, students will understand how the people hold governments accountable under the Westminster parliamentary system, and the mechanisms through which public preferences are channeled into policy actions. Students will be able to explain the role of interest groups, the media and engaged citizens in the policy process, and will understand the opportunities and constraints such actors face in their efforts to see their policy preferences enacted by governments.
U of T PPG1000
Aucoin, P., Smith, J., Dinsdale, G. (2004). Responsible Government: Clarifying Essentials, Dispelling
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David Zussman (2010). “The Precarious State of the Federal Public Service: Prospects for Renewal”, in G. Bruce Doern and Christopher Stoney (eds.), How Ottawa Spends 2010-2011: Recession, Realignment and the New Deficit Era, Montreal and Kingston, McGill-Queen’s University Press, 219-242.
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Thomas E. Patterson, We the People (New York: McGraw-Hill, 2011) 7e, pp. 546-550; 8e, pp. 544-558; 9e, pp. 537-544
University of Ottawa API5116
Johnson, ch.2: “Ideologies of Government and Public Service,”, pp. 59-104
Urbinati, Nadia and Mark E. Warren (2008). “The Concept of Representation in Contemporary Democratic Theory” in Annual Review of Political Science, vol. 11: 387-412.
Savoie, Donald (2010). “The Shifting Power of Persuasion: Political Parties, the Media, Permanent Political Campaigns, and Polls”, in Power: Where is it? Montreal and Kingston, McGill-Queen’s University Press, 86-105. HN 49.P6 S29 2010
Heard, Andrew (2009). “The Governor-General’s decision to Prorogue Parliament: Parliamentary Democracy Defended or Endangered?” Points of View no. 7, University of Alberta: Centre for Constitutional Studies. http://www.law.ualberta.ca/centres/ccs/uploads/PointsofViewNo7.pdf
Hogg, Peter W. (2009). “Prorogation and the Power of the Governor General” in National Journal of Constitutional Law, supp. Constitutional Update 2009, vol. 27 (2009): 193-203.
Mendelsohn, Matthew (2010). Some Are More Equal than Others: Canadian Political representation in Comparative Context (Mowat Centre Research Note). Toronto: Mowat Centre for Policy Innovation. http://www.mowatcentre.ca/pdfs/mowatResearch/10.pdf
Baum, Matthew A. and Philip B.K. Potter (2008). “The Relationships between Mass Media, Public Opinion, and Foreign Policy: Toward a Theoretical Synthesis,” Annual Review of Political Science, vol. 11: 39-65.
Kaiser, Andre (2008). “Parliamentary Opposition in Westminster Democracies: Britain, Canada, Australia and New Zealand” in The Journal of Legislative Studies, vol. 14, no. ½: 20-45.
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Johnson, chapter 9: “Acco untability: Responsibility, Responsiveness, and Ethics,” pp. 423—466.
Thomas, Paul G. (2008). “The Swirling Meanings and Practices of Accountability in Canadian Government” in David Siegel and Ken Rasmussen, editors, Professionalism and Public Service: Essays in Honour of Kenneth Kernaghan. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, pp.34—62. JL 75 .P758 2008
Heintzman, Ralph (2007). “Public-Service Values and Ethics: Dead End or Strong Foundation?” in Canadian Public Administration, vol. 50, no (Winter 2007): 573—602.
Grant, R.W. and R.O. Keohane (2005). “Accountability and Abuses of Power in World Politics” in American Political Science Review, vol. 99, no.1: 29—43.
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Wang, Zhengxu (2010). “Citizen’s Satisfaction With Government Performance in Six Asian-Pacific Giants” in Japanese Journal of Political Science, vol. 11, no. 1: 51—75.
Schneider, Sandra (2008). “Who’s to Blame? (Mis)Perceptions of Intergovernmental Failure in Disasters” in Publius: The Journal of Federalism, vol. 38, no. 4: 715—738.
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Kraft & Furlong, Public Policy: Politics, Analysis and Alternatives, 4th edition (2013) Chapter 1
Kingdon, Agendas, Alternatives, and Public Policies, 2nd updated edition (2011) Chapter 1
Smith & Larimer, “Public Policy as a Concept and a Field (or Fields) of Study”
Johnson-Shoyama JSGS 801
Kenneth Carty and Lisa Young, “The Lortie Commission and the Place of Political Parties as Agents of Responsible Government” in Bakvis, Herman and Mark D. Jarvis, 2012 From New Public Management to New Political Governance, Montreal and Kingston, Queens-McGill University Press.
Fung, Archon. 2006. “Varieties of Participation in Complex Government” Public Administration Review 66(s. 1): 66-75.
Ansell, Chris and Allison Gash. 2008. Collaborative Governance in Theory and Practice. Journal of Policy Administration Theory and Practice 18(4): 543-571.
Warren, Mark. 2009. Governance-Driven Democratization. Critical Policy Studies 3(1): 3-13, available at http://www.politics.ubc.ca/fileadmin/user_upload/poli_sci/Faculty/warren/Governance- Driven_Democratization_Corrected_Proofs.pdf
Carty, R. Kenneth. 2005. “Turning Voters into Citizens: the Citizens’ Assembly and Reforming Democratic Politics”. Queen’s University Democracy and Federalism Series.
Available at http://www.queensu.ca/iigr/WorkingPapers/Interdependence.html
Soroka, Stuart N., and Christopher Wlezien. 2004. “Opinion Representation and Policy Feedback: Canada in Comparative Perspective.” Canadian Journal of Political Science 37(3): 531-559.
Nadia Urbinati and Mark E. Warren (2008) “The Concept of Representation in Contemporary Democratic Theory”, Annual Review of Political Science, vol.11, 387-412.
Peter Aucoin, Mark Jarvis and Lori Turnbull (2011) “Letting the People Decide: When Elections are not Enough”, in Democratizing the Constitution: Reforming Responsible Government, Toronto, Emond Montgomery Publications, 155-202.
Peter Aucoin, Mark Jarvis and Lori Turnbull (2011) “The Prime Minister and the House of Commons: The Democratic Deficit”, in Democratizing the Constitution: Reforming Responsible Government, Toronto, Emond Montgomery Publications, 111-154.
Nic Nanos (2011) “From a nothing election to a seismic shift”, Policy Options, July Issue, Montreal, IRPP, 14-16.
Stuart Soroka, Fred Cutler, Dietlind Stolle and Patrick Fournier (2011) “Capturing Change (and Continuity) in the 2011 Campaign”, Policy Options, July Issue, Montreal, IRPP, 70-77.
Docherty, David C. (2002) “Citizens and Legislators: Different Views on Representation” in Value Change and Governance in Canada, Neil Nevitte, ed. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002.
Harold D. Clarke, Jane Jenson, Lawrence LeDuc & Jon H. Pammett, Absent Mandate: Canadian Electoral Politics in an Era of Restructuring (3rd Edition, 1996)
Possible Assessment Questions:
How does public opinion influence policymaking in between elections?
Do differences in their governing institutions effect the extent to which popular opinion influences policymaking in the short-term in Canada and the United States? How?
What is the issue-attention cycle and why is this an important concept?
Page Created By: Katherine Valiquette, 21 September 2014 edited by Ben Eisen 22 October 2014.