Urban Regime Theory
The informal arrangements by which public bodies and private interests function together in order to be able to make and carry out governing decisions.
Clarence Stone. 1989. Regime Politics: Governing Atlanta 1946/1988, Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, p.6.
The capacity to achieve policy goals rather than control of one set of actors over another. This implies that normal, electoral democratic politics are not enough to design and implement local policy mandates. Rather, the capacity to govern effectively requires governance arrangements that extend beyond the scope of local formal institutions. Policy entrepreneurs must define an agenda and create an incentive structure that enlists the support of the local leaders who have the requisite resources to implement the local agenda.