Structural Theories of Globalization
Structural theorists focus on the organizing principles of domestic and international systems, conceiving of globalization as an almost inevitable consequence of technological advancement and capitalism’s expansion.
McGrew, Anthony (2005) “The Logics of Globalization,” chapter 8 in John Ravenhill, ed. Global Political Economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 208-234.
Reflected in the writing of scholars such as Giddens, Woods and Gilpin, structural theorists tend towards the determinism or path-dependency of economic, technological or political forces. The focus rests on the what brought about processes of globalization and how they came about, rather than the historical form it has taken. For some, it is domestic structures and the role of technology in shrinking the world and changing social and industrial dynamics that has been the major driver of globalization. For others, it is global structures and the role of global hegemons (the US, for instance) in creating and maintaining the systems and norms of the globalizing economic sphere that has been the major cause.