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PPGPortal > Home > Concept Dictionary > S > Socialism
 
Socialism

A political ideology which favours: a substantial role for the state in economic affairs; economic equality; and state promotion of the economic well-being of the poor.

(Huntington, 1999, p. 31)

------------------------

The term "socialist" as it is currently used is a very broad term, which is used to describe groups, and individuals who hold very different political beliefs from one another. Huntington writes that the unifying themes, which unite all people and groups that can reasonably be described as socialists, are:

"a substantial role for the state in economic affairs, economic equality, national ownership of core industries, and state promotion of the economic well-being of the poor, the proletariat and the peasantry."

Huntington goes on to write the following about socialism:

"Being one of the three major political ideologies of the modern world, socialism has included theories varying from social democratic reformism to softline Marxism to hardline, revolutionary Leninism and Maoism. These theories differ on the possibility of social change through democratic means, on the role of democracy in a socialist state, and on the extent of state control of the economy. They agree, nonetheless, on a substantial role for the state in economic affairs, economic equality, national ownership of core industries, and state promotion of the economic well-being of the social bases of socialism among the poor, the proletariat and the peasantry."

References

Huntington, S. (1999). “Robust Nationalism”, The National Interest, Issue 58 (Winter 1999/2000), pp.31-40.
     
Socialism

A political ideology which favours: a substantial role for the state in economic affairs; economic equality; and state promotion of the economic well-being of the poor.

(Huntington, 1999, p. 31)

------------------------

The term "socialist" as it is currently used is a very broad term, which is used to describe groups, and individuals who hold very different political beliefs from one another. Huntington writes that the unifying themes, which unite all people and groups that can reasonably be described as socialists, are:

"a substantial role for the state in economic affairs, economic equality, national ownership of core industries, and state promotion of the economic well-being of the poor, the proletariat and the peasantry."

Huntington goes on to write the following about socialism:

"Being one of the three major political ideologies of the modern world, socialism has included theories varying from social democratic reformism to softline Marxism to hardline, revolutionary Leninism and Maoism. These theories differ on the possibility of social change through democratic means, on the role of democracy in a socialist state, and on the extent of state control of the economy. They agree, nonetheless, on a substantial role for the state in economic affairs, economic equality, national ownership of core industries, and state promotion of the economic well-being of the social bases of socialism among the poor, the proletariat and the peasantry."

References

Huntington, S. (1999). “Robust Nationalism”, The National Interest, Issue 58 (Winter 1999/2000), pp.31-40.

Approved for glossaryposting by Ben Eisen on January 2, 2011


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