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Qualitative Research

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Qualitative Research 

Research that is based on words, narratives, direct observations, participant observations and other forms of information gathering that are not constrained by the need to render the data as numbers.

Manheim, J.B., Richard, C.R., Willnat, L., & Brians, C.L. (2008). Empirical political analysis: Quantitative and qualitative research methods (7th ed.). New York: Pearson. 

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