Procurement policy is the set of values and objectives regarding purchasing made explicit and asserted through legislation, guidelines, rules and norms.
(Allen 2006, 98-99)
Canadian government procurement policy is primarily defined in terms of the Treasury Board of Canada Contracting Policy (see below).
Government procurement policy expresses the fundamental values and legislative and regulatory frameworks underpinning the activity of purchasing. Values are the beliefs and positions of the government formed over time as a result of government interpretation and the shaping of what it believes democratically to be the needs and wants of citizens.
The basis of Canadian Procurement Policy:
1. Policy objective
The objective of government procurement contracting is to acquire goods and services and to carry out construction in a manner that enhances access, competition and fairness and results in best value or, if appropriate, the optimal balance of overall benefits to the Crown and the Canadian people.
2. Policy statement
Government contracting shall be conducted in a manner that will:
a. stand the test of public scrutiny in matters of prudence and probity facilitate access, encourage competition, and reflect fairness in the spending of public funds;
b. ensure the pre-eminence of operational requirements;
c. support long-term industrial and regional development and other appropriate national objectives, including aboriginal economic development;
d. comply with the government's obligations under the North American Free Trade Agreement, the World Trade Organization - Agreement on Government Procurement and the Agreement on Internal Trade.
Allen, Barbara. 2006. “How Ottawa Buys: Procurement Policy and Politics Beyond Gomery.” In How Ottawa Spends 2006-2007: In From the Cold - the Tory Rise and the Liberal Demise, edited by G. Brce Doern, 93-115. Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press.