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PPGPortal > Home > Concept Dictionary > N, O > Open Systems Approach
 

Open Systems Approach  

The conceptualization of government programs as open systems, that is, sets of means-ends linkages that affect and are affected by their environment.

(McDavid, James C. and Laura R.L. Hawthorn. Program Evaluation & Performance Measurement: An Introduction to Practice. (California: Sage Publications, 2006)

 

     

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