Measures some aspects of policy against an ethical standard.
(Pal. Leslie. 2006. Beyond Policy Analysis: Public Issue Management in Turbulent Times, 3rd ed. Toronto: Nelson Education.)
Normative analysis measures some aspects of policy against an ethical standard: secular morality, the Bible, the Koran, the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, or the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Pal contends normative analysis is incredibly important in today's world, but is rarely acknowledged in the literature on policy analysis. He notes that both citizens and politicians assess public policy in terms of key ethical principles such as fairness and truth, and make judgments based on fundamental norms. While everyone may not agree with the conclusions reached, this form of analysis is at least disciplined and systematic.