Analysis that does not rely entirely on theory, but is instead based on the examination of evidence drawn from the real world.
(Ben Eisen, MPP Graduate 2009)
Leslie Pal describes the value of empirical analysis when he writes: "empirical analysis takes logical analysis one step further: not what might be the likely effect of policy X, but what was its actual effect?"
Pal. Leslie. 2006. Beyond Policy Analysis: Public Issue Management in Turbulent Times, 3rd ed. Toronto: Nelson Education.