A variable whose value changes in response to changes in the values of some other variable.
(Brians, Craig Leonard, Lars B. Willnat, Jarol B. Manheim and Richard C. Rich. 2008. Empirical Political Analysis: Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods. 7th ed. New York: Pearson.)
The dependent variable is the variable whose movement we are interested in explaining, also called the response or the outcome variable.
Pal, Leslie. 2006. Beyond Policy Analysis: Public Issue Management in Turbulent Times, 3rd ed. Toronto: Nelson Education.
Garth Frazer, PPG 1004; Pal 2006, 322.