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Bottom-Up Theory of Implementation

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Bottom-up Theory of Implementation 

A theory that emphasizes the influence that front-line staff have on the delivery of policies in relation to citizens and firms, focusing on the weak control that politicians and administrative managers have to control front-line staffs.

(Winter, Soren. 2006. "Implementation." In Handbook of Public Policy, edited by Guy Peters and Jon Pierre, 151-164. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, p. 153.)


Street-level bureaucrats have a lot of discretion, and bottom-up implementation approaches seek to recognize this by incorporating the wisdom and expertise of those working on the ground into how policy unfolds. This is contrasted with the “Top-down Theory of Implementation.”



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