A technique to work out what the policy will look like in terms of delivery of programs at the final point of service, and hence what the implementation needs are at that point.
(Pal. Leslie. 2006. Beyond Policy Analysis: Public Issue Management in Turbulent Times, 3rd ed. Toronto: Nelson Education, p. 132.)
Backward mapping begins with a statement of the specific behaviour at the lowest level of the implementation process that generates the need for a policy, rather than with a statement of intent. After the behaviour is described, objectives can then be identified first as a set of organizational operations and then as a set of outcomes that will result from these operations.