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Associational System

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Associational System 

Constellation of small, medium, and large groups, competing and cooperating as they feel necessary.

Pal, 2006, p. 273 


Associational systems can be either weak or strong, based on the following criteria for a “highly mobilized sector” (Atkinson and Coleman, in Pal, 2009):

1.Business groups are separate associations representing different products and producers, without overlap or competition.

2.Only one association speaks for the sector as a whole.

3.There is a high proportion of firms represented in the sector’s associations.

4.Large firms demonstrate leadership in the given sector.

5.In-house capacity to generate information among firms and associations is high.

6.Associations can strike deals with government to make them stick with members.


Important Notices
© University of Toronto 2008
School of Public Policy and Governance